Why extra ن s?

Mutaashaabihaat ayaat. They always get you when you’re memorizing. Al Baqarah 2:147 and Aali Imraan 3:60 are one pair of those that got me. The only difference between them is that the one from Al Baqarah has تَكُونَنَّ and the one from Aali Imraan has تَكُن . The rest are the same. I had asked about this way back, to Ustaadh Adam, and when he got back to me about them, this was the answer he gave me.

This ayah in surah Al Baqarah,  is nested in surrounding ayaat that are talking about the changing of the qiblaah. Two ayaat before, Allah reassured the Muslims that their previous prayers were not wasted even though they weren’t facing the new qiblah. The old qiblah was Jerusalem and the new was the Kaabah.

2:143
 
Sahih International

And thus we have made you a just community that you will be witnesses over the people and the Messenger will be a witness over you. And We did not make the qiblah which you used to face except that We might make evident who would follow the Messenger from who would turn back on his heels. And indeed, it is difficult except for those whom Allah has guided. And never would Allah have caused you to lose your faith. Indeed Allah is, to the people, Kind and Merciful. [Al Baqarah 2:143]

When the command for the qiblah change came, the non Muslims started talking. Allah talks about them in this manner,

AlBaqarah 2:142

2:142
Sahih International

The foolish among the people will say, “What has turned them away from their qiblah, which they used to face?” Say, “To Allah belongs the east and the west. He guides whom He wills to a straight path.”

So, in this ayah below, it’s الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ ۖ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُمْتَرِينَ because Allah is reassuring the Muslims that their previous prayers are not wasted. There is a ن of emphasis here (the one with the ّ ), and in the English translation below, this emphasis is reflected in “The truth is from your Lord, so never be among the doubters.” The address here is also plural, as these are addressing these Muslims who were worried that their previous prayers were for naught due to the old qiblah.

 

Al Baqarah 2:147

2:147
 

Sahih International

The truth is from your Lord, so never be among the doubters.

 In the case of the ayah in surah Aali Imraan, تَكُن is used.

Aali Imraan 3:60

3:60

Sahih International

The truth is from your Lord, so do not be among the doubters.

The rest of the ayat is the same as in the one in Al Baqarah. The context of this ayat is in addressing primarily the Christians who hold Jesus a.s. to a degree higher than he should have been put on, whereas the ayat in Al Baqarah was primarily addressing the Jews in Madinah who were raising the beginning of propaganda when the qiblah was changed. In fact, the ayat before this ayah in Aali Imran, is comparing the creation of Adam a.s. to the creation of Jesus a.s.

 

3:59
Sahih International

Indeed, the example of Jesus to Allah is like that of Adam. He created Him from dust; then He said to him, “Be,” and he was.

 

The thing is, it’s so obvious that Jesus’ a.s. creation is not that much different from that of Adam a.s., that no emphasis is needed to tell us not to doubt the truth from Allah. It’s as clear as day. In the English translation, this lack of emphasis is reflected in “The truth is from your Lord, so do not be among the doubters,” as opposed to “The truth is from your Lord, so never be among the doubters,” in Al Baqarah.

2 thoughts on “Why extra ن s?

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