Tafseer Maryam Day 18 Ayat 54-58

Recap:

  • we read about Musa a.s. and how Allah dedicated him to Himself
  • how Allah drew Musa a.s. near as a confidant and blessed him with so many blessings

 

 

Ayat 54

19:54
Sahih International

And mention in the Book, Ishmael. Indeed, he was true to his promise, and he was a messenger and a prophet.

  • in ayah 49, Allah blessed Ibrahim a.s. with Ishaq a.s. and Yaqoub a.s. and Ismail a.s. not mentioned
  • this is not to feed into controversy of whether Ismail a.s. is a prophet and how the Ahlul kitaab view Ismail a.s. versus how the Muslims view Ismail a.s.
  • when Ishaq a.s. is mentioned with Ibrahim a.s. it’s because it’s related to the overall message in that passage
  • when Ismail a.s. is mentioned it’s because it’s pertinent to that passage
  • so it’s not to the exclusion of the other of necessarily indicate anything to the controversy above

wazhkur fl kitaabi Ismail – and mention from the book Ismail

Innahu kaana Saadiqal wa’di – indeed he was truthful to the promise

  • grammatically speaking this is called the idhafah
  • idhaafah not to be translated literally
  • used as an expression
  • someone who always fulfill their promise, one way to do it is to do possession, in English genitive case – shows a very strong connection between 2 things
  • saadiqal wa’di – always live up to his promises
  • alwa’di – al is talking about one specific instance of a promise, it was that great promise mentioned in surah Saffaat
  • 37:102
    Sahih International

    And when he reached with him [the age of] exertion, he said, “O my son, indeed I have seen in a dream that I [must] sacrifice you, so see what you think.” He said, “O my father, do as you are commanded. You will find me, if Allah wills, of the steadfast.”

  • 37:103
  • 37:103
    Sahih International

    And when they had both submitted and he put him down upon his forehead,

  • he didn’t just say “Yeah Inshaallah” (like some of us do)
  • he laid down, he was compliant
  • 37:104
  • 37:104
    Sahih International

    We called to him, “O Abraham,

  • 37:105
  • 37:105
    Sahih International

    You have fulfilled the vision.” Indeed, We thus reward the doers of good.

wa kaana rasoolan nabiyaa – and he was a messenger and a prophet

  • he was called rasool because he laid the foundation for an entire people (whom we know as the Arab today)
  • that entire society was built around Ismail a.s.
  • as a leader, he was the one who led and established that entire society that became an entire region of people
  • he established a code of law among those people
  • he was also a prophet of Allah
  • at the same time, he started a line of people whom at the end will be Muhammad saw
  • the fruit of dua of Ibrahim a.s. came from Ismail’s lineage
  • Ismail a.s. was put to work by Ibrahim a.s.
  • “I would like to see this dua come to fruition and I will put you to work”
  • it shows us some very deep insight into this leader and how he led his people
  • can be summarized in one phrase that is very easy to say but finding a manifestation of it is very difficult to come by today in our time
  • he led by example
  • next ayah makes it clear
Ayat 55
19:55
Sahih International

And he used to enjoin on his people prayer and zakah and was to his Lord pleasing.

  • wa kaana ya”muru ahlahu bi salaah – He would consistently command his family to stick to the prayer
  • whenever you combine Kaana with present tense verb it makes is consistent
  • he would consistently command his family to stick to the prayer
  • wa zakaati – and the zakaat
  • zakaat here can be literal meaning(purification, inner purity, make sure you are internally purifying yourself and not just going through the motions of prayer)  and the more technical meaning(charity)
  • Muhammad saw who was the eventual descendant of Ismail a.s. and brought the completion of the message of Ibrahim a.s. and Ismail a.s. and all the prophets, in end surah Taha it makes mention f same aspect of lifestyle of life of Prophet saw
  • 20:132
  • 20:132
    Sahih International

    And enjoin prayer upon your family [and people] and be steadfast therein. We ask you not for provision; We provide for you, and the [best] outcome is for [those of] righteousness.

  • iStabir – exaggerated form of word sabr
  • sabr – to tie something down
  • we see that same aspect being emphasized here
  • the prophets are standard of true leadership
  • leadership doesn’t absolve us of our responsibilities towards our families
  • today, forget about leadership, the common family outsources their religious education of their children
  • families even though they are concerned about the tarbiyyah of their children that is already a blessing
  • we are so concerned, rightfully so,  about the well being of our children, career, that is fine because parents are supposed to be
  • but the emotional well being is another issue and problem but nevertheless at some level there is some concern about that
  • but spiritual well being, little to no attention is paid to that
  • we figured that if they get good grades, wear nice clothes, live in a nice house, and if they can get a good job,  find them a nice attractive spouse who also has a good degree, good job, live in nice house, “done deal, I did a great job”
  • but what about their spirituality?
  • Sheikh says, “I fear for myself and for my own children, so I don’t want to come off preachy at all, but I can tell you about people whom I grew up with, so this isn’t like some horror stories from the hood. Muslim parents with good education, nice house, but focus was simply those things, and when they have children, their children are completely unaware of the fact that they are Muslims. Some of them don’t even have Muslim names. Maybe they have some basic type of Muslim name, but they have little to no awareness of the fact that they are Muslims and any real realization of Allah, Salah, zhikr or Quran in their lives. The only thing to think about then is that if some major turning point don’t happens in their live, which we pray and hope will inshaAllah, what will happen to their children? What are the odds at least? It’s a very scary thought.”
  • we need to be concerned about the spiritual condition of our children
  • introduce him to Allah, teach him responsibility through the deen
  • salah is such an unbelievable form of tarbiyyah
  • it teaches you punctuality, responsibility, commitment
  • zakaah teaches you social awareness, rights and moral and ethics with people
  • teach them these admirable qualities and traits through deen
  • emphasize education to them through the Quran
  • give them literacy even through the Quran, life of Messenger saw, give them a sense of history through seerah
  • we’re missing the boat on this
  • unfortunate reality – the minority today that is somewhat concerned about the spirituality of their children and we outsource this, we hire people to teach them how to pray, Sunday school will teach them about who Allah is, Imam will teach how to read Quran, what am I going to teach my children?
  • subhaanAllah what a blessing that we do have these types of people with these qualifications in our community and that somehow our children are able to have some form of deen
  • but what we are starting to see, and this issue is brought to the table by parents constantly and when we talk to the children, it’s exactly what we suspect a lot of times :- the parents never become any type of an authority or never have any significance to them when it comes to their deen, so when they have financial, physical, emotional problems or anything else they will go talk to their parents and take their advice but when they mature a little bit, and it’s some type of spiritual concern and parents say “pray” they don’t care, they don’s listen, because my parents never taught me to pray, I didn’t learn to read Quran from my mom, this is something they never imparted to me
  • there is a disconnect, they don’t connect it back to their parents and family
  • as parents we need to be the first teachers of the deen
  • I should be the one who teaches my daughter how to make wudhu
  • I should be the one who teaches my son how to read Quran
  • specialization is a different matter
  • if I want my son to memorize Quran, then i can outsource that of course
  • any elementary school teacher will tell you that those children who do well in school whose parents sit and read and do their math problems with them at home
  • same thing goes with Quran
  • at 20:16 -: even in Islamic education, in memorizing Quran, my mom always jokes about this, she says she did hifdh twice, and I only say,  Alhamdulillah Allah blessed me to memorize Quran and some other friends also along me, but to them the blessing of memorizing Quran has no practical realization in their lives today. I on the other hand was blessed to lead taraweeh 17 years in a row. That was not an accomplishment on my part, that was my parents. Cause when I was memorizing Quran, my mom was the one who made sure I would review my lesson. I se some of the huffadh here nodding. She would listen to me and made sure I would memorize before I go to sleep. she would keep up with the daily lesson. When my younger brother was memorizing Quran it was even more because he was a trouble maker. She had to be part of the process all the way through. When I was done memorizing Quran, I had to go back to school because at that time there was no program where I could do both, my father was the one who would get back home early everyday, he owned his own business and in business there was no such thing as coming back home early. He would listen to me recite a juz every single day. When it was time for me to start leading salat taraweeh and the nearest place where I could lead was 30 miles away. Imagine Ramadan 30miles one way and 30 miles the other way. My parents would do that, come with me, drive there, drive back. One Ramadan, the only place we could find a place for him to lead taraweeh was 50 miles away. Sometimes because of traffic they would have to do iftaar in the car. It takes that commitment. This is a very small scale example of just one little aspect. That’s how parents have to be involved.
  • while this might not seem too relevant to everyone here, but I think it applies to everyone in some capacity or another because we are all activists in our ways/capacities
  • her it’s talking about the nabi of Allah, that he’s on the platform of responsibility for prophethood
  • but Allah is saying he himself taught his family
  • Muhammad saw, look and think who he is, he was sent to all humanity
  • he’s being told announce to mankind that he’s sent to all of us, but in spite of that Allah is telling him that HE needs to teach his family to pray
  • this is the dirty little secret of the Muslim community today -: the teacher’s children, the children of the sheikh, those people in those position if iman, sheikh, they themselves need to be teaching their families too
  • saving the  whole world and leaving their own family just doesn’t add up
  • such an unbelievable contradiction
  • not to say that there are rare situations like son of Nuh a.s.
  • but that is exception and not the rule
  • who want to look at a young child and say “Son of Nuh a.s.”
  • We all want good for our children
  • no cause if worth neglecting your own children, being an absentee mothers of fathers
  • if sisters are teachers or active in the community, that is not a good enough excuse
  • Prophet saw, every single day after asr, from asr to maghrib, would spend time with the family
  • this was a regular part of Prophet saw’s routine
  • we ourselves need to be involved in spiritual education of our children
  • no matter what we’re doing, no cause is  a good enough excuse for me to neglect my own children

wa kaana inda rabbi hi mardhiyyan – and he is in the sight of his Lord, he was someone who was very very pleasing to Allah

  • mardhiyyan – someone very very pleasing to Allah
  • this is the type of slave Allah is pleased with
  • notice the sequence, fact that this is mentioned in same ayah
  • many times we want to be out there to be active, serve the deen to seek pleasure of Allah
  • realize that raising a good family, being a good husband, mother, wife, this is sometimes the greatest contribution we can make
  • this can lead you to the pleasure of Allah itself
  • we need to move out of this dichotomy of family is somehow not related to spirituality, or that spending time with your family is somehow time away form ibadah and zhikr from Allah
  • even in fiqh, fuqaha have talked about this
  • marriage is ibadah
  • spending time with your wife is ibadah
  • money you spend on your children is a form of sadaqah
  • spending time in your children is a form of ibadah
  • 3 things you leave behind when son of Adam dies ceases except 3 things – one of them is a pious child who makes dua for parents
  • how can you do that if you don’t spend time with them
Ayat 56
19:56
Sahih International

And mention in the Book, Idrees. Indeed, he was a man of truth and a prophet.

wazhkur fil kitaabi idrees – mention, from the Quranic perspective who is Idrees

Who is Idrees?

  • some mufasiroon mention that he was one of the forefathers of Nuh a.s.
  • some mufasiroon mention that he was the first prophet after Adam a.s.
  • some mufasiroon mentioned he is possible grandson of Adam a.s.
  • based on narration found in Mustadraq al Haakim – he lived a 1000 years before Nuh a.s.
  • some narrations talk about some of the special things about Idrees
  • that he was the first person to teach astrology, one of first people to elaborate on Mathematics, to write with a pen, to stitch clothing where people used to use skin of animals, invent measurements and tools of measurements
  • but many of these narrations not completely authenticated so Allah knows best
  • many great mufasiroon mention these things in their tafaseer but at the end of if they say Allah knows best as to the authenticity of these narrations
  • we don’t know alot about Idrees a.s.
  • prophet saw don’t mention him a whole lot
  • in narration of Israa Mi’raj where Prophet saw mention the different prophets he meets, he mentions meeting him at 4th heaven but Allah knows best
  • surah Anbiya 21:85
  • 21:85
    Sahih International

    And [mention] Ishmael and Idrees and Dhul-Kifl; all were of the patient.

  • of his special qualities it was mentioned that he was among the very patient of prophet of Allah, and there he was mentioned along with Ismail a.s.
  • he was mentioned  with Ismail a.s. right here too
  • you find that connection
  • he being called very very patient and mentioned along with Ismail a.s. in two places, and one of the qualities of Ismail a.s. was also that he was very very patient
  • Idrees a.s. as a prophet, one of his special quality was that he was very patient
  • it doesn’t mention him being a rasul but it says he is siddeeqan nabiyya
  • when you back up into the surah right here in this passage if you try to make a connection
  • look at ayah 41 it also says Sideeqan nabiyya , same quality
  • Ibrahim a.s. always lived up to the test and task
  • Idrees share quality of patience with Ismail a.s. and also with Ibrahim a.s.
  • Idrees must have been someone greatly tested by Allah and someone who always lived up to the test and always exemplified patience in the face of those tests
  • and that’s why he’s been paired with Ismail a.s. not once but twice in Quran and Allah knows best
Ayat 57
19:57
Sahih International

And We raised him to a high station.

warafa’naahu makaanan ‘aliyyan – and We elevated him to a very lofty position

  • certain narrations which make mention of fact that Idrees a.s. was literally physically lifted up to the heavens
  • many of tafaaseer, each book of tafseer has their own good and perspective you can get
  • Ibn kathir focuses on Tafsir through quotations, narrations
  • whenever he brings ayah of Quran, he will bring another ayah of Quran then he will bring hadeeth and then quotes from sahabah, tabi’oon and great scholars
  • when it comes to narrations Ibn Kathir is a very reliable source to go to to find explanation of an ayah
  • About Idrees a.s. he concludes, “All these narrations we get is from Ka’ab Al Ahbaar, who is not very reliable, often quoted in commentary of some Ayat, but he would take extraneous or interpretation of some ayat he would find even from people of the book and other sources whether reliable or unreliable and pass them forward.”
  • not very trustworthy in eyes of scholars
  • many of these are narrations we find from Ahlul kitaab, which Prophet saw has given us ultimate ruling on it, we don’t accept or deny them
  • Allah knows best – that’s good enough for us
  • so much so that he says “I find some of them very very difficult to reconcile with Islamic ruling and teachings”
  • thus, majority of mufasiroon focus on figurative meaning of this ayah
  • elevation – in good qualities he was raised, in nobility, honor, tasdeeeq, patience, prophethood

What is significance of his mention here?

  • since we don’t know a lot about him
  • one of reflections – it’s talking about consistency of the message of the prophet saw
  • that message that Prophet saw is presenting is not something new, radical but it’s consistent with teachings of all prophets
  • look at broad spectrum of prophets it’s presenting now
  • from one end of spectrum, noble people like Maryam and then prophets like Zakariya a.s., Yahya a.s., Isa a.s., (addressing Christians) and them Musa a.s. Harun a.s., Ishaq a.s., Yaqoub a s., (ahlul kitab as a whole now addressed) Ibrahim (now addressing the Mushrikoon of Makkah) and then even mentions a prophet like Idrees a.s. whom we know very little to nothing  about
  • that is practically saying that even those prophets that you don’t know much about, that this message is consistent with their teachings as well
  • there are so many prophets we don’t even know about
  • in  Musnad of Imam Ahmad when Prophet saw was asked about how many prophets Allah had sent, he said there were more than 124,000 prophets and messengers. How many of them were rusul he said more than 300 of them were rusul
  • so you’re dealing with the ultimate truth here, not something insignificant, it’s something that has been presented to people since way back
Ayat 58
19:58
Sahih International

Those were the ones upon whom Allah bestowed favor from among the prophets of the descendants of Adam and of those We carried [in the ship] with Noah, and of the descendants of Abraham and Israel, and of those whom We guided and chose. When the verses of the Most Merciful were recited to them, they fell in prostration and weeping.

ulaaikallazheena an’amallahu alaihim mina nabiyyeen – those they are the people whom Allah has blessed from the prophets

  • Allah has bestowed blessings upon many people but now He’s specifying the prophets
  • that all the prophets of Allah, this is their message,this is how they live their lives
  • we can go back to Zakariyya a.s. how he supplicated to Allah
  • How Yahya a.s. was, he was gentle, pure, god fearing
  • about Isa a.s. :- he stuck to prayer, charity, good to his mother, not pushy and bossy, disobedient
  • Ibrahim a.s. would live up to test, so gentle and affectionate with his father, he preached with compassion, empathy, kindness, love
  • about Musa a.s.:- someone whom Allah had blessed very profoundly
  • Ismail a.s. and family value aspect of Ismail a.s. – he would teach his family, spend time with his family, live a life pleasing to Allah
  • Idrees a.s. – being patient, admirable quality, role model for humanity
  • so don’t even make mistake of discounting any messengers of Allah
  • min – make things more specific, shows a portion of something
  • here it’s specifying prophets of Allah and now it’s specifying it even more

min zhuriyati Aadam

  • no surah is just a random hodge podge, it’s all connected
  • it’s not just a book of quotes
  • it’s so intimately, intricately tied together
  • here this is referring to Idrees a.s., because he literally was quite possible grandson of Adam a.s.

wa mimman hamalnaa ala Nuh -and from those people whom We had carried with Nuh a.s.

  • After Nuh a.s., the one who brought truth back was Ibrahim a.s.

wa min zhurriyati Ibrahim – and from the progeny of Ibrahim a.s.

  • Ishaq a.s., ismail, yaqoubd

wa israaeel – and progeny of Israael

  • Musa a.s., Harun a.s., Zakariya a.s., Yahya a.s., Isa a.s.
  • all prophets talked about in this surah all tied back together in this ayah

wa mimman hadaynaa wajtabaynaa – and whom We had guided and We had selected

  • interesting that word hidaayah being used
  • that was the purpose why prophets were sent
  • for each and every single people there was a carrier of guidance
  • that’s why he’s called guider because he’s the means through which guidance comes
  • when it says hadaynaa , it refers to the followers of prophets
  • they’re also blessed by Allah like these prophets

wajtabaynaa – and We chose

  • ijtibaa – to select something from amongst a bigger group
  • e.g. if you pick green M&Ms from a jar of M&Ms
  • this word used for when it talks about guiding people amongst all of humanity
  • in surah hajj Allah says huwa jtabaakum – He chose you all
  • it’s talking about believers
  • prophets were blessed by Allah and they carried on this blessing of guidance and truth to the people
  • but Allah says there were people whom We gave this guidance to and those were the people who were selected by Us
  • at any level if we are able to identity this guidance we know who these prophets are, we know the message they brought
  • even if I’m not really practicing, but the fact that I identify this, believe in the prophets, in Allah, recognize the guidance they brought, I should feel blessed. Allah has granted me guidance and I’m of those selected from among all of mankind
  • this is a kind of positive reinforcement
  • there is too much beating up that goes on in terms of not being religious, practicing enough
  • we find this positive dawah even in Quran that Allah is imparting
  • Allah also gives dawah but He gives dawah to Darus Salaam (abode of peace)
  • if you at least has some level of Islam, Iman, even if you’re not fully living it right now, realize that you are from a select group of people
  • isn’t that motivating, so why not lie up to those expectations now
  • after it motivates you, what are you supposed to do with this positive energy now?
  • Allah tells us to follow the example of the prophets

izhaa tutlaa alayhim ayaatu Rahmaani kharru sujjada wa bukiyya – when ayat of the very very merciful One is recited upon them, they fall in prostration weeping

  • word rahmaan used here, used a lot in this surah
  • ‘them’ refers to not just messengers but to those people who have been selected (mentioned above)
  • kharru – they fall down
  • kharra – fall down immediately, all of a sudden, has implication of falling down by losing control of yourself, like you can’t hold yourself up anymore
  • sujadan – in prostration, exaggerated form, plural and plural of exaggerated form of the word
  • sajjada – to put face on the ground
  • they do sajdah not only once, but repeatedly with full concentration
  • bukiyyan – plural of exaggerated form of the word
  • root of the word means to cry
  • they don’t just cry but they cry a lot, out of sincerity
  • they can’t help themselves, they all of  a sudden fall down in sujud to Allah, crying
  • it says to follow example of these prophets but it gives one specific aspect of lives of prophets, how they lived it and it’s ayat of Rahmaan
  • ayatu rahmaan – for us, it’s the Quran
  • when it’s recited, true believers don’t just listen to it and say ‘beautiful recitation’, but it has a greater purpose in their lives and they internalize
  • sujjadan – they live, implement the mesage
  • bukiyyan – shows that they have internalized the message, they cry before Allah
  • there are certain places in Quran called ayatu sajdah, when they are recited we would do sujud, this is done in emulation of sunnah of Prophet saw

Link to video series on MM

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s