Tafseer Surah Yaseen 82-83

Recap:

  • final portion of surah
  • it wraps up themes, lessons, ideas, presented in the surah: tauheed, prophethood, life of hereafter
  • yesterday we learned that in ayat 79 Allah answers the question of arrogant confrontation presented by the mushrikeen
  • in Ayat 79, Allah telling prophet saw to answer them
  • to substantiate that answer 2 proofs given in ayat 80-81
  • the fact that you are able to spark fire from these two green trees, that goes against everything you know in wood yet Arabs were able to take these 2 moist branches and spark fire
  • 2 opposite co existing together, this is magnificent creation of Allah
  • human being just has to open his eyes, mind, heart, look at heaven and earth
  • the one who has created, and is capable of creating these and everything between it and in it, isn’t He fully capable of bringing you back to life?
  • two proofs of why they shouldn’t be so shocked, surprised of this idea of them being brought back to life
  • now Allah sums it all up

Ayat 82

36:82
Sahih International
His command is only when He intends a thing that He says to it, “Be,” and it is.
  • Allah doesn’t need anything to create you, He doesn’t need raw materials, assembly or factory line
  • the habit of Allah, system of Allah, Sha”nullah, is such that when He wants anything to occur, He simply says kun fayakun (be and it is)
  • shay an شَيءََ  – in nakirah form it creates flexibility in meaning, whatever He wants, heavens, and earth, life and death, human beings, anything…
  • what is the conclusion to that?
  • this is wrapping of the discussion that has been going on for 7-8 ayaat
  • Allah is saying, “I explained everything in detail to you because you need the explanation or you’re just that dense.”
  • this is mercy of Allah that it’s explained in detail
  • otherwise its very simple to understand
  • no more detail to it
  • Allah just says be and it is
  • this is how simple it is
  • He doesn’t need anything

 

Ayat 83

36:83
Sahih International
So exalted is He in whose hand is the realm of all things, and to Him you will be returned.
  • in this ayah Allah summarizes everything
  • فَ fa – letting you know that this is the conclusion
  • if you can take nothing home from this surah, at least go home with this much, these next few words
  • سُبحَان subh7aan – occurred earlier in surah, it’s like an announcement, how absolutely perfect, flawless, mind blowingly perfect
  • الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ allazhee biyadihi – the one who in His hand
  • ba ب in Arabic is used to show a connection, like He holds it in his hand, when you say”that’s it, it’s mine, it’s in my hand.” it shows total control, ownership, no one else can get a hand on it

malakootu kulli shay” مَلَكُوتُ كُلِّ شَيء-

  • malakoot مَلَكُوت – an interesting word and patter
  • this is mubaalaghah, hyperbole, exaggerated form of the word
  • rule in Arabic language – إذَا يَزِيدُ الحُرُوف، يَزِيدُ المَعنَى izhaa yazeedul huruf, yazeedul ma’na (when letters within a word are increased, the meaning increase as well)
  • the base of this word is mulk/milk مُلك/مِلك = ownership/kingdom/dominion, extent of power and control, realm and one’s power and control
  • malakoot مَلَكُوت – longer bigger form of the word, so the meaning becomes bigger
  • it means total, absolute control
  • absolute control = sometimes someone can own something but someone can come and mess with it, but the wat Allah owns a thing is that no one can even lay a finger on it, exclusive, sacred ownership
  • at same time, mulk مُلك, the extent of ownership, a king, someone can revolt against him, people can hate him, all these are possibilities when human being has control and power
  • but with Allah, there doesn’t even exist a possibility where someone can squeeze power away from Allah
  • total, complete, sacred kingship

other possible understanding of malakoot, why it is in this exaggerated form:

  • it occurs in other place in the Quran: wakazhaalika nuree ibraheem malakoota samawaati wal ardh waliyakoona minal mooqineen
  •  وَكذَالِكَ نُرِي إبرَاهِيم مَلَكُوتَ السَمَاوَاتِ وَلأَرض وَلِيَكُونَ مِن المُوقِنِين
  • there is an external of everything and then there is internal
  • there are certain things which are tangible, measurable, but some things are intangible they don’t have physical element to them
  • when people owns something in this world, even if someone owns a slave, he only owns the body of that slave, if he tells that slave “Be happy,” the slave can put a physical smile on his face, but the master can’t make the slave feel happy
  • the human master doesn’t own the intangible, inside of that being
  • he can’t
  • Allah is such an owner that He owns both external and internal
  • person himself can’t control it
  • I can’t force myself to be hungry
  • I have that little control over myself even, let alone some other ruler
  • but Allah…biyadihi malakootu kulli shay”
  • allazhee khalaqani fahuwa yahdeen الَّذِي خَلقَنِي فَهُوَ يَهدِين , He created me He guides me), wallazhee yut’imuni wayasqeen وَلَّذيّ يُطعِمُنِ وَيَسقِين (He feeds me and quenches my thirst), wallazhee yumeetoni وَلّذِي يُمِيتُنِ (He’s the one who will give me death) thumma yuhyeene ثُمَّ يُحيِينِ(and then give me life again) wa izhaa maridhtu fahuwa yashfeenوَِذَا ،مَرِضتُ فَهُوَ يَشفِين (when I get sick, He’s the one who gives me cure)
  • this is who Allah is
  • even happiness, sadness, emotions, they’re so delicate, right now you’re happy, and then two lines on a text message can destroy your world
  • that’s how sensitive, fragile human emotions are
  • but Allah controls them as well
  • malakootu kulli shay” – the complete, sacred, total , exclusive ownership of each and every single thing
  • kulli shay كُلِّ شَيءِِ in its nakirah, common form to create diversity and variety – anything and everything
  • this is summarizing why we need to believe in Allah and how we’re supposed to believe in Allah
  • what is in it for us to believe in Allah?
  • everybody likes to be friend with the rich guy, if you are friends with someone influential, you are ‘the man’
  • it’s the hook up, everybody likes to be on the side of someone with influence, authority and power
  • who is more perfect, influential, authoritative, powerful than Allah?
  • think about how much advantage it would be to be on His side?
  • to have Allah be pleased with you
  • that’s what led to sabr, shukr, satisfaction, iman, taqwa, tawakkul
  • this is what fed the iman and tawakkul of rasulullah saw and sahabah
  • this was the fuel of their iman
  • they found a profound sense of comfort being close to Allah, nothing fazed them
  • when prophet saw was troubled by anything, he immediately went to salah
  • don’t have to worry about anything
  • someone hurt your feelings -> Allahu Akbar
  • community issues -> Allahu Akbar
  • immediately connect with Allah, I don’t need anyone else
  • statement of sahabah, Abdullah bin salaam, the famous jewish leader and rabbi at the time of prophet saw, who accepted Islam,  and became close sahabah, even he reported to have said this word,
  •  “radheetu billahi rabba.” رَضِيتُ بِللَهِ رَبَّ = “I’m completely fulfilled, content, with Allah as my rabb.”
  • case closed, I don’t need anything else
  • “wabil islaami deena” وَبِلأِ سلاَمِ دِينَ – and with Islam as my way of life
  • wabi muhammadin sallallahu alayhi wassalam  rasoolan wanabiy وَبِمُحَمَّدِِ صَلى الّلهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلَّم رَسُولََ وَنَبِيّ
    and as Muhammad as my messenger and my prophet
  • out side of this I don’t need anything

fasubhanallazhee  biyadihi malakuutu kulli shay فَسُبحَانَ الَّذِي بِيَدِهِ مَلَكُوتُ كُلِّ شَيء

  • this is consolation from Allah to Muhammad saw
  • you have sub7haan سُبحَان on your side
  • why you worried about these people
  • this is consolation to the muslims
  • in beginning of surah we saw ya h7asratan ‘alal ‘ibaad يَا حَسرَةََ عَلى العِبَاد
  • that man coming from outside of the city having pity on state of the people who deny and refuse
  • Allah saying here, “how sad and pathetic is your situation that you didn’t connect yourself to Allah because Allah is subhaanlazhee biyadihi malakootu kulli shay. You’re unfortunate for not realizing this about Allah.”
  • the surah ends with a very powerful message in a few words, that is very practical tangible and relevant advice
  • this surah is instrumental in teaching us to do dawah
  • action item, game plan
  • if this first part of this one line has made sense to you, what can you do about it?
  • wa ilaihi turja’oon وَ إلَيهِ تُرجَعُون – and to Him alone are all of you eventually going to return to
  • ruju’ رُجُع – to go back
  • to Allah alone , that sub7haan the one biyadihi malakootu, to Him alone will you all eventually one day return
  • there is no plan , door, B
  • there is only one way, that’s it
  • that is to return back to Allah
  • if it doesn’t happen today, don’t worry, don’t become deluded again, it will eventually happen
  • that is why Allah uses the mudhaari’ form the present and future tense
  • this is at the end of the day, the most basic reality everyone has to come to terms with
  • if person comes to terms with it there is not but, ifs, about it
  • this reminds us of this temporary nature of this life
  • inevitability of death
  • such a compact yet powerful method of dawah
  • zhikr – reminder, realization, lesson
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