Tafseer Surah Yaseen 71-76

Recap:

  • yesterday we introduced the final passage of this surah
  • the conclusion of the final passage of the surah is very similar the introduction, first passage of the surah
  • just as the surah unfolded itself, similarly it’s being wrapped up now
  • Quran is self-evident and clarifying
  • prophets saw, Allah in a very strong tone said “We didn’t teach him poetry, rather his job is to warn that person who is spiritually alive, and for other people who does not have decency within them, its solidfying evidence against those people.”
  • now Allah talks about His great blessings, everything He has created for human beings to enjoy, how we should look at this, reflect on this and realize all he has been given and be grateful
  • human beings being grateful is the foundation and crux of this surah
  • human MUST be grateful to Allah
  • finally what will be talked about it the reaction of these people and what will be the outcome of the choice they are making in the hereafter

Ayat 71

36:71
Sahih International
Do they not see that We have created for them from what Our hands have made, grazing livestock, and [then] they are their owners?
  • have they not seen = haven’t they taken into consideration, haven’t they realized?
  • seeing for sake of seeing is not objective
  • objective it so see it, think and reflect about it, something profound
  • انَّا خَلَقنَا لَهُم anaa khalaqna lahum – that most definitely We have created for them
  • a very interesting sequence, we will see this is repeated, this tone
  • Allah says, “WE have created”
  • Allah attributing these blessings to Allah and they should go back to Allah
  • He created it for them
  • لَهُم lahum – exclusively for them
  • la in arabic can also be for their benefit, for them to enjoy, use, it’s a facility Allah has provided for and to them
  • in middle of this passage where Allah is trying to remind people,what they need to be committed to, what the reality of the life in this world and hereafter, Allah uses a powerful method of reminding people
  • Allah reminding them not just reminding them of what’s important but reminding of what’s important by means of reminding them what He’s done for them
  • it’s a natural method of convincing someone of something
  • when someone wants you to do something for them, wants you to show then some level of respect, gratitude and you are not doing so, they immediately resort to mentioning all those things they’ve done for you
  • that is a very natural mode of discussing something
  • human being’s minds work in such a way that that is how we process information
  • we need to be reminded of what this person has done for me
  • sometimes we’re mean to somebody, or argued to someone, or disrespectful to someone, and later someone else reminded us, “You shouldn’t treat him like that, remember how he helped you when you were having trouble?”
  • And it hits you like a ton of bricks, you think, “You’re right! I shouldn’t have done that.”
  • You become remorseful and you apologize and try to make up
  • as human beings, that makes a difference to us
  • we need to be reminded of that sometimes
  • that is what Allah is doing here
  • مِمَّا عَمِلَت ايدِينَا mimma ‘amilat aydeena – from what our hands have done
  • a figure of speech, an expression in classical Arabic – from what our hands have made
  • Allah trying to show, look at lengths Allah has gone through to make these benefits for you
  • He made it with His own hands, everything that you enjoy Allah made it with His own hands for you
  • He made it for you Himself
  • it shows His concern and care
  • what’s interesting: these 3 ayah 71-73 very similar to ayah 33-35
  • As if Allah mentioning same thing again from a different angle
  • look at everything we enjoy, we didn’t make these things grow and happen
  • we didn’t make the oceans, fruits, trees
  • here, rather than saying ‘human beings didn’t make it with his own hands,” Allah says, “Allah has made these for us with His own hands.”
  • He’s showing the flip side of this argument – that Allah has made this for them
  • an’aaman انعَامََ  –
  • from among those things are an’aam
  • an’aam انعَامََ – livestock, camels, cows, cattle, goats, sheep
  • why does Allah use these animals for example?
  • so many basic human needs and necessities come from these animals
  • Allah use these animals again and again throughout the quran
  • افَلاَ يَنظُرُونَ إلى الإِبِلِ كَيف حُلِقَت؟ afala yandzhuroona ilal ibili kaifa 7huliqat? don’t they look a the camels  how it has been created ?
  • even when trying to make human beings realize that he needs to live up to the standard of living with purpose;
  • أُلاَئِكَ كَلَأنعَام بَل هُم الضَلّ ulaaika kalan’aam bal humu dhall
  • if someone has eyes but don’t see the truth, ears but they don’t hear the truth, hearts and minds but don’t reflect n the truth, Allah says they are like livestock, cattle
  • بَل هُم الضَلّ bal hum dhall – rather they are worse, even more lost
  • at least livestock fulfill purpose of life, they benefit others but this human being does not benefit anyone in fact might even harm others and himself
  • أُلاَئِكَ هُمُ الغَافِلُون ulaaika humul ghaafiloon – just wandering aimlessly
  • فَهُم لَهَا مَالِكُون fahum lahaa maalikoon – those human beings are in total ownership of these animals
  • Allah saying that He created these animals for the benefit of human beings and give us ownership of them
  • why? He explains in next 2 ayaah

 

Ayat 72

36:72
Sahih International
And We have tamed them for them, so some of them they ride, and some of them they eat.
  • zhallalnaa ذَلَلنَا – comes from root of word zhillah or zhullah, ذِلَّه، ذُلَّه
  • opposite of ‘izzah
  • عِزَّة ‘izzah – strength, power, might
  • zhullah – to be helpless, be at somebody’s mercy
  • we have completely made these animals to the mercy of human beings
  • we can do whatever we want, make it carry a load, plow the soil, milk it, slaughter it, to the point that we can completely bend it to our will
  • why is this a blessing?
  • somebody might think “Of course, cows, goats, are dumb animals anyway. Of course human beings can use them and do whatever they want with them.”
  • this requires reflection
  • there are a lot of animals on this earth but not all of them are as accessible and at our mercy as much as livestock
  • a lot of animals Allah created on this earth, but not only can we not dominate them but they can even be a danger to us
  • not only that but all of our needs can be met from these animals as well
  • فَمِنهَا رَكُوبُهُم faminhaa rakoobuhum – some of these animals serve as transportation for people – self-explanatory
  • but that’s not it
  • وَ مِنهَا يَأكُلُون wa minhaa ya”kuloon – and from them they also eat
  • this is also a source of food for us, form of nutrition
  • abundant, plentiful, endless supply
  • not only that but in next ayah

 

Ayat 73

36:73
Sahih International
And for them therein are [other] benefits and drinks, so will they not be grateful?
  • وَ لَهُم فِيهَا مَنَافِع wa lahum fihaa manafi’- and exclusively for human beings in these animals are benefit
  • مَنَافِع manaafi’ – this sis a form of plural that is great plural, lots and lots of benefit from these animals
  • from the hide, bones, so many benefits
  • so many use
  • wamashaarib وَمَشَارِب –
  • even such a basic human need can be quenched from these animals
  • we completely subjected these animals for human being
  • then transportation, food
  • lots of other benefits
  • lots of products made from them
  • and we can even drink from these animals
  • now finally , Allah says, “What should be the culmination of all these?”
  • افَلاَ يَشكُرُون Afalaa yashkuroon? why don’t they show gratitude
  • another ayah where Allah uses a cow as a great example
  • 16:66
    Sahih International

    And indeed, for you in grazing livestock is a lesson. We give you drink from what is in their bellies – between excretion and blood – pure milk, palatable to drinkers.

  • inside the body of this cow is waste, and blood but between both of them pure milk comes out
  • سَائِغََ لِ الشَارِبِين saaighan li shaaribeen – not only milk but very satisfying, nutritious, fulfilling for people who drink it
  • cows – you drive by, look at them and laugh, at least city kids do, but look at te blessings of Allah, what a huge blessing from Allah
  • this is the conclusion of surah yaseen
  • Allah talking about risaalah, tauheed, akhirah, amazing, huge topics and issues and He’s concluding it and wants us to reflect on the blessings He’s given to us, and He presents as an example , a cow
  • that is enough
  • now think about al other blessings but just one cow is such a profound reminder of the blessings of Allah we take for granted
  • we don’t even realize how much He has blessed us
  • afalaa yashkuroonافَلَا يَشكُرُون – the scholars have commented that this is in mudhaari’ form (present and future tense form) – why aren’t they grateful and won’t they ever be grateful?
  • tonight at iftar you might use mill put it in your tea and then for suhoor, eat cereal with milk
  • and again and again
  • realize sometime of another, day in day out, you’re using the same one, same blessing over and over again
  • will they never realize, become grateful
  • when they are not grateful, what is the outcome of that?
  • what Quran is presenting as an argument is so basic that a child can understand it
  • when a person rejects such a basic evidence it’s almost as if stupidity manifests itself in that person
  • so look at the choice that they made
  • because the females of them give us milk

 

 

Ayat 74

36:74
Sahih International
But they have taken besides Allah [false] deities that perhaps they would be helped.
  • مِن دُون الّلَه min doonillah – they have taken aside from Allah false deities, idols, false objects of worship, dedication, etc
  • they are not grateful to Allah so then they commit themselves to something
  • often when we read these types of ayah, one thing that is often confusing to people, we understand and translate as ‘idols’
  • so someone thinks’ I’m not worshipping an idol”
  • اَلِهَه aaliha – any idea, person, object, anything that a person dedicates and enslaves himself to and give it priority over Allah, it can be money, fame, pleasure, idea, notion, concept, to impress a certain group or Allah
  • لَعَلَّكُم يُنصَرُون la’allakum yunsaroon
  • لَعَلَّ la’alla – maybe, possibly, hopefully
  • they’re hoping that they will be helped that this idea, person, money, fame, power that this will come to their aid and rescue when they need help
  • they haven’t connected themselves to Allah, so now they’re looking for something that whatever they dedicate themselves to will stay there and help them

Ayat 75

36:75
Sahih International
They are not able to help them, and they [themselves] are for them soldiers in attendance.
  • those things they dedicate themselves to, they won’t be able to help them in the least bit
  • they wont have the ability to help these people let alone help them
  • it won’t even be an option for these things to help them
  • now it goes to the point
  • this is very powerful ayah
  • وَهُم لَهُم جُند مُحضَهرُون wahum lahum jundum mu7dharoon – these idols, false deities, they will be present for them in the form of an army
  • in arabic when use the wordجُند jund –
  • when you see a movie or documentary and you see an army lined up, the sheer number of people, row after row, is what stands out most to you
  • this is the implication of using this word jund
  • like an endless row of these false deities, things that they committed and chose over Allah
  • مُحضَرُون mu7dharoon – they will be lined up like an army for these people right by then, watching them
  • mufasiiroon said this talking about when these people are punished in jahannam, when they’re put in fire of hell,as another form of torment, psychological torture and to show what a foolish choice they made, these false gods will literally be lined up right by them watching them being punished and they wont be able to help them
  • picture it, it’s a very powerful image
  • for someone who expected them to help him, they are just standing there watching him being punished
  • imagine the remorse, torment, regret, pain that will cause
  • it won’t just be one false deities but an army of them

 

 

Ayat 76

36:76
Sahih International
So let not their speech grieve you. Indeed, We know what they conceal and what they declare.
  • finally Allah consoles the prophet saw
  • what they say should not cause you any grief, trouble
  • إنَّا نَعلَمُ inna na’lamu – most definitely we know
  • مَا يُسِرُّون ma yussirroon – what they say about you, plot about you, create these evils plans against you
  • وَ مَا يُعلِنُون wa maa yu’linoon – when they curse you, lie about you, humiliate you in public, slander you, they try to disgrace you in public
  • hidden or openly, We know
  • We’re keeping tabs on it
  • it’s very powerful, it’s like when someone is saying “Don’t worry about him, I’m going to keep tabs on him, I’m going to let him dig his own grave and then I’m going to come after him, and I’m going to catch him red-handed.”
  • “Don’t bother yourself with these people, let them do what they’re doing, these people have lost it.”
  • look at how Allah is talking about them –
  • the foolish choices they’re making, the pure stupidity of the choice they’re making, they’re like wild animals
  • everything’s being recorded
  • when it’s time, no one will come to their rescue and in fact those they expect to rescue them will stand by them watching them being tortured
  • embedded within this ayah is one very important thing –
  • this is honor and distinction being granted to prophet saw
  • imagine Himself Allah saying “don’t worry about these people, these people are trash, you are khuluqin azhdeem, you are such an amazing person that Allah praises you in the Quran.”
  • at same time, Allah Himself saying,
  • somebody very influential, rich, wealth, important saying “oh don’t worry about it, I’ll take care of everything.”
  • you feel so special that somebody that important is going through such trouble for me
  • Allah here speaking on behalf of prophet saw
  • “you’ve done your job and gone beyond what is required of you. Don’t worry about these people, you just keep doing what you’re doing, I’ll take care of these people.”
  • in Ayaat 71-73, Allah is speaking in first person about Himself
  • then ayaaat 74-75, Allah speaking in 3rd person about Himself
  • this is called transition, same thing that a lot of Orientalists point out and called it an error and inconsistency within the Quran
  • that first He’s talking Himself and then He’s talking about Himself
  • there ‘s a reason for this , it’s from the literary marvel of the Quran
  • it is our responsibility and to our benefit to realize when this transition occurs and why it occurs
  • in first 3 ayat Allah talking about his blessings on human beings, so Allah says it in 1st person
  • to make somebody realize the error of their ways, you tell them and you reach out to them
  • so Allah here is reaching out to these people and make them realize
  • but once they don’t realize, and made the wrong choices, Allah transitions to 3rd person
  • it’s as if Allah is turning away from them
  • when someone disappoints or angers you, you’ve tried everything you could, 10 ways to explain what’s good for this person, you turn away from that person
  • “Let him know I want him to do this.”
  • Because you’re disappointed with them, you’re not directly addressing them
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