Tafseer Surah Yaseen 51-54

Recap:

  • 1st part of surah – focused on risaalah and the credibility of it, authenticity of and the need to believe in it
  • 2nd part of surah – focused on central theme of tauheed and evidences and way and how to go about believing and realizing the oneness of Allah and the importance of believing in Him
  • 3rd part of surah – focused on the 3rd core concept that Makkan quran focuses on which is life after death
  • just like in 1st and 2nd passage, these first few ayat are like introduction to the topic, then it will go into specific details and intricacies about life in hereafter

 

Ayat 51

36:51
Sahih International
And the Horn will be blown; and at once from the graves to their Lord they will hasten.
  • Soor صُور- literally means horn but refers to horn that is also blown
  • it was blown into the horn = somebody blew the horn
  • said in past tense
  • when someone studying, listening to Quran, for him, this has yet to occur
  • but Allah puts it in past tense to show that it’s a confirmed fact, a done deal, that you can consider it already done, there is no changing this fact it was alwreay written, will happen
  • they -referring to same people surah has been talking about , those who didn’t want to accept the message but rather became very arrogant and mocking the concept in itself
  • ajdaath اجدَاث- plural of jadath
  • jadath جَدَث= grave but a specific type of grave, graves that have disappeared, that is so old that we have forgotten where it even existed, the signs have completely been removed
  • e.g. in New York city while doing construction they found a gravesite beneath it, forgotten graves
  • grave in arabic is qabr قَبر, plural of which is quboor قُبُور
  • previous 2 passages about believing in prophets and Allah, it ended with a warning : it would just take one loud piercing sound and it would completely annihilate and demolish these people
  • khaamidoon, khamad خَامِدُون، خَمَد – like putting out a fire
  • khaamidon خَامِدُون- they will be put out
  • all signs of them would disappear, as if these peple never even existed, in that is another level of humiliation for those people
  • when people die, they are respectfully buried, and people can go there make dua for them, people can visit and remember them, this is a sign of dignity and honor and distinction but for someone to be completely forgotten that their graves are compeltely removed, it’s so tragic for somebody to meet that type of an end
  • remember the last passage how arrogant they were
  • when they were told to spend from what Allah has given them, they said, “Should we go and feed those peolewho if Allah had wanted to He could have fed them Himself?”
  • when they displayed this type of arrogance, look at how Allah punishes them, all signs of them completely wiped off the earth
  • horn blown, these people summoned
  • they come out of graves but these are not ordinary graves, people don’t even know these graves existed
  • yansiloon يَنسِلُون, from nasala نَسَلَ – at the core of it it means to walk quickly towards something but more specifically it describes somebody walking, running downhill
  • they move quickly run quickly as if running downhill
  • significance of running downhilll – when you place a ball or water or any object on slope, it naturally moves forward and you can’t stop it unless you try hard to obstruct it, but the natural flow, you can’t stop it
  • it’s as if Allah is saying these people won’t be able to do anything else, they’ll naturally be force to go in that direction to Allah
  • these people know what’s in store for them, they’re going to fully realize this
  • in Quran it’s said, even when they’re dying, when angel of death comes, they say ‘give me one more chance!” even in their graves they will cry, and on Day of Judgment they know what’s in store for them
  • they don’t want to go in that direction but they will be compelled to do so
  • in previous passage – wa in kullu lamma jamee’un ladayna mu7dHaroon وَ إن كُلُّ لَمَّا جَمِيع لَدَينَا مُحضَرُون
  • mu7dharoon مُحضَرُون – they’ll be made to stand before Allah
  • they’re naturally moving in this direction
  • they can’t even help themselves
Ayat 52
36:52
Sahih International
They will say, “O woe to us! Who has raised us up from our sleeping place?” [The reply will be], “This is what the Most Merciful had promised, and the messengers told the truth.”
  • they’ll curse themselves
  • wayl وَيل – expression of remorse, regret, to have pity on someone
  • fawaylul lil muSSaaallin, allazheenahum an SSalaatihim saahoon فَوَيلُ لِلمُصَلِّين الَّذِين هُم فِي صَلاَتِهِم سَاهُون – those who  are forgetful about their prayers, Allah says, “Pity on them.”
  • these people will have pity on themselves, curse themselves, feel bad about themselves, “How pathetic are we?”
  • man ba’athana ? مَن بَعَثَنَا ؟- who has brought us back to life?
  • ba’ath بَعَث- to bring someone back to life, or push someone along, to make somebody go
  • not only will they be brought back to life but they will be pushed along and brought to stand in front of Allah
  • this is described many ways in Quran
  • yurza’oon يُرزَعُون – like herded like cattle, wild animals
  • min marqadinaa مِن مَرقَدِنَا – from our resting place?
  • raqada رَقَدَ – to take a nap, not deep sleep
  • like when you’re fasting you come back from work and you pass out for a bit, like an hour or so
  • light sleep, not an 8 hour sleep, it’s relaxing, refreshing
  • when someone wakes you up, your first reaction , “ahh…don’t wake me up, leave me alone.”
  • it’s so relaxing, refreshing, relieving that it disturbs you when someone bothers you even if it’s for your own good
  • marqad مَرقَد- place where you take anap like this, like your couch
  • we’re talking about a bad group of people
  • think about that
  • isn’t it a confirmed fact that they’ll be punished in their graves?
  • but fact that these people are saying “why are you waking me up from my comfortable nap,” they’re talking about their graves, they’re punished in their graves
  • but that shows that what is on the Day of judgment is so terrifying that they consider what they went through in their graves like a comfortable nap, “that was actually really pleasant, we’d love to go through that again.”
  • now that they see what’s waiting for them on the Day of Judgment
  • wa jee a yaumaizhin bi jahannam وَجِيء يَومَِذ  بجَهَنَّم – the hellfire will be literally brought in front of the people
  • lahum feeha zafee un wa shaheequn لَهُم فِيهَا زَفِيئُُ وَشَهِيقُُ-   the Quran describes the hellfire growling at you, like a wild animal
  • hadith says it will be tied up with 70,000 chains, with 70,000 angels holding to the chains, and the hellfire will snort, growl, like a beast growling at its prey
  • these people will look at it and say “do you mind if i go take another nap?”
  • haazha ma wa’ada rahman مَا وَعَدَ الرَحمَان – this is what the Rahman has promised
  • wassadaqal mursaloon وَصَدَقَ المُرسَلُون – and those messengers spoke the truth
  • either these people themselves attesting to the fact that this was what Allah has promised and that those messengers they had called liars were true
  • in surah sajdah – when people entered into hellfire, they will say, oh Allah we have seen, heard, turn us back to the life of the world, we will do a good deed. We believe now, we won’t make any trouble anymore, we figured out we were wrong.
  • this is a very realistic scenario where the people will be standing there saying, “We were wrong you were right, oh please just let us go, someway, somehow, please!”
  • what’s beautiful about this statement is that they don’t say, hazha ma wa’adallah هَاذَا مَا وَعَدَ الَّله but they say arrahman, “this is what Ar rahman has promised,” not “this is what Allah has promised.”
  • in surah yaseen the word rahmaan constantly used because it’s used to inspire the emotion of feeling obligated to Allah, feel indebted to Allah
  • it reminds you of what Allah has given to you by constantly mentioning the quality, action of Allah being Ar Rahman
  • He gives you so much that you can’t comprehend how much Allah has truly blessed you
  • so these people themselves will stand there and call Allah ar Rahman
  • this is the depth of their realization at that point
  • a little bit too late, it’s not going to benefit them at this point

OR

  • when they curse themselves, saying, “Who woke us up from our nap?” and then Allah or the angels will say
  • “haazha ma wa’ada rahmaanu waSadaqal mursaloon” هَاذَ مَا وَعَدَ الرَحمَانُ وَصَدَقَ المُرسَلُون
  • this is what Ar Rahman the One who had blesed you so much, this was what he warned you of, and those messengers that came to you that you brushed off and you treated like trash, they were telling you the truth, this is what they’re trying to warn you about
  • shows how the akhirah is the culmination of the belief in Allah and Muhammad saw
  • if you believe in Allah and messenger saw, Akhirah will be good for you and vice versa
  • if you disbelieve in Allah and the messenger saw, Akhirah will be bad for you
  • because they mention 2 things:
  •  ‘ma wa’ada rahman’  مَا وَعَدَ الرَحمَان(believing in Allah)
  • and ‘wa sadaqal mursaloon’  وَصَدَقَ المُرسَلُون(believing in messengers)
  • the first 2 passages talk about believing in messenger and Allah and so the whole surah ties in here
Ayat 53
36:53
Sahih International
It will not be but one blast, and at once they are all brought present before Us.
  • this same statement was made at end of passage 1 and passage 2
  • Allah was talking about the people who refused and rejected the messengers
  • one loud piercing sound that will make these people’s head explode
  • end of passage 1:
    36:29
    Sahih International

    It was not but one shout, and immediately they were extinguished.

  • end of passage 2:
    36:49
    Sahih International

    They do not await except one blast which will seize them while they are disputing.

  • just like Allah mentioned, Allah didn’t have to make some elaborate punishment, send an army, but one sound like that is enough
  • it doesn’t take Allah some long drawn out process to bring these people back to life and make them accountable
  • it’s very simple
  • just that one loud piercing sound
  • izhaa إذَا -  all of a sudden
  • jami’ جَمِيع used even though hum هُم already used
  • reiterating ‘all of them’ – doesn’t matter whether they’re rich or poor, old or young, male or female, etc, they will be made to stand before Allah
  • this is that central concept of that accountability
  • this is core concept of our deen, and message of messengers
  • accountability is a powerful idea, it keeps people in check
  • if we look around us in life, we live based on accountability
  • clock in clock out at work
  • speed limit on road
  • we pay bills, how we make money, balance checkbooks
  • everything has accountability built into it
  • it’s one of those successful structures, one that holds people accountable
  • it actually stimulates productivity
  • deen also makes us feel accountable by teaching us about the life of hereafter
  • we each have to stand before Allah on Day of Judgment and face our deeds
  • powerful concept – you don’t need police forces,
  • iman inspires accountability, accountability makes people live a proper life
  • you’ll be good to neighbors, family, because you know you will answer to Allah, you don’t need anything else
  • so many stories come to mind
  • story of umar, and the mother and daughter with mixing of milk with water
  • this idea of thinking about Allah, being mindful of Allah, ‘they fear allah even when they’re away from people, in a dark little corner of their house’ – innamaa tunzhiru man ittaba’a zhikru wa khashiya rahmaana bil ghayb إنَّمَا تُنذِرُ مَن إتَّبَعَ ذِكر وَ خَشِيَ الرَحمَان بِ الغَيب
  • that sense of accountability very powerful
Ayat 54
36:54
Sahih International

So today no soul will be wronged at all, and you will not be recompensed except for what you used to do.

  • this next ayah Allah is setting tone for the next few ayah that are going to come
  • falyauma فَليَومَ – then today
  • it’s as if Allah is telling us to imagine we’re standing there
  • today – the Day of Judgment
  • don’t think of it as some fairy tale, faraway place, a long long time ago, faraway galaxy, it’s here, it’s now
  • this is something Allah reiterates throughout the Quran
  • innahum yaraunahu ba’idan wa naraahu qareeban إنَّهُم يَرَونَهُ بَعِيد وَ نَرَاهُ قَرِيبَ – they think it’s very far away but we’re seeing it here it’s very close
  • iqtaraba linnaasi … إقتَرَبَ لَِنَّاس – the time for the accounting of people has become very very close
  • in its exagerrated form – right there under their noses
  • but people completely oblivious to this truth
  • nafsun نَفسُُ- in its common form – not a single soul will be wronged
  • shay an شَيء- not in the least bit
  • zhdulm ظُلم – to mis appropriate, misplace something, put something where it doesn’t belong, to violate someone’s right is zdhulm
  • not a single person will be wronged in the least bit
  • ayah where allah says iqra” kitaabaka إقرَأ كِتَابَكَ- people’s book of deeds will be in front of them, they’ll be told, “you read your book.”
  • kafaa binafsika yauma alaika 7aseeba كَفَى بِنَفسِكَ يَومَ عَلَيكَ حَسِيبَا-  this is enough for your accounting today, you tell me what I should do with you
  • yauma taral mujrimeen mushfiqeena mimma feeh يَومَ تَرَ المُجرِمِينَ مُشفِقِينَ مِمَّا فِيه – the criminals will be afraid to see what he’ll find in it
  • yaqooloonA ya waylatana maa li hazhal kitaab يَقُولُونَ يَاوَيلَتَنَا مَا لِهَاذَ الكِتَاب – they’ll curse themselves, “what’s wrong with this book?”
  • it hasn’t left anything small or big, everything’s in here
  • they’ll find each and everything staring them in the face
  • Allah doesn’t wrong anyone
  • similarly Allah says, “not a single soul will be wronged in the least.”
  • “You won’t be rewarded/recompensed except that which you used to do.”
  • this is ultimate justice
  • you’re going to get exactly what you did
  • nothing more nothing less
  • nobody can argue against that
  • they can plead, beg
  • that’s why we have concept of istighfaar (seeking forgiveness), repentance(taubah), having iman and then repenting
  • to repent to Alah then believe in Allah and then do lots of good deeds
  • then Allah will actually convert their sins into good deeds
  • this passage of surah is letting people know, “you have to deal with consequences of your own actions.”
  • you thought people who believe in Allah were stupid, so fine, keep doing what you’re doing
  • you’ll get what you have coming to you
  • you’ll only be given in return that which you have done yourself
  • powerful concept of akhirah, life of hereafter, life after death, accountability and facing consequences of our actions, stand before Allah and be accountable to Him
  • from here on, it’s going to mention more specifics of not just accountability but also reward of people who believe and are obedient to Allah and also punishment of people who disbelieve in message and disobey Allah
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