Tafseer Surah Yaseen 33-35

 

Recap:

  • we start new passage of the surah
  • central part of the surah, middle part
  • serves a pivotal central role within theme and concept of surah
  • the beginning of surah – 3 primary themes and focus within Makkan revelation
  1. tauheed – oneness of God
  2. risaalah – messenger/prophethood
  3. akhirah – life of hereafter
  • part of yaseen’s role and makes it the heart of the Quran is that it speaks about these themes in a powerful manner and tone
  • 1st part of surah focus heavily on prophethood and messengerhood
  • end of surah talks heavily about life in hereafter and accountability etc
  • middle part of surah talks about tauheed
  • very fitting the way it’s structured
  • messengers bring message and akhirah is the result of that message
  • but the crux of the message that decided their fate is their commitment to Allah, how willingly they accepted tauheed
  • the way the Quran talks about oneness of Allah
  • even within muslim community when we talk about tauheed, it’s in a very logical and philosophical tone (proving oneness of god etc)
  • even muslims very infatuated to talk about it from philosophical and sometimes even scientific perspective
  • but how does Quran talk about tauheed?
  • Quran uses deductive reasoning/logic
  • certain things can be seen, that can be observed and leads to obvious conclusion
  • 88:17
    Sahih International

    Then do they not look at the camels – how they are created?

    88:18
    Sahih International

    And at the sky – how it is raised?

    88:19
    Sahih International

    And at the mountains – how they are erected?

    88:20
    Sahih International

    And at the earth – how it is spread out?

  • these ayaah summarize it
  • He’s the one who created it for you and you walk all over it,
  • go and walk to all corners of the earth
  • go to the top of the mountain
  • wa ilaihi nushoor  وَ إلَيهِ النُشُور  – eventually you will be resurrected and brought back to Allah
  • a very elementary method of teaching iman
  • teaching child iman – that is more direct and powerful method to understand and realize that Allah is there and one alone and that He is the one we should be dedicated to and worship
  • we see same thing here in yaseen as well

 

 

Ayat 33

36:33
Sahih International

And a sign for them is the dead earth. We have brought it to life and brought forth from it grain, and from it they eat.

  • Ayah – Allah creates 2 ayaat
  • ayah = sign, not just any sign but a very obvious, unavoidable sign
  • like you walking down the highway and there is a blinking sign saying ‘Exit Now” it’s in your face, you’d have to try hard to miss it
  • a sign that does not absorb you into looking into the sign itself
  • rather, that sign points you immediately to something else
  • you don’t have to make a conscious effort to look at the sign
  • when you’re on interstate, you look at sign and you don’t scrutinize the sign but you immediately are turned to where the sign directs you to
  • when you’re given a plaque as a gift, you’re not dwelling on it, how it’s made, etc but you’re reminded of the person who gifted you that plaque
  • a very obvious, apparent, in your face sign
  • you don’t have to make mental conscious effort to have it reflect you to something else but when you see it it points you to something else
  • when we look at signs around us, they should be pointing us directly to Allah
  • if they don’t, that’s a sign of 1 of 2 things
  1. either there is a lack of intelligence, mental awareness, consciousness
  2. deficiency within the fitrah of that person, the person has become corrupted to the core
  • when fitrah is clean and mind open, it will lead person to Allah
  • Arab poet says, “each and every single thing there is a miraculous sign that points you to the fact that Allah is one”
  • the bedouins are very eloquent people and says beautiful things sometimes
  • there was a bedouin man who was challenged, questioned by somebody, “for every claim there is evidence, what os yr evidence for your belief in Allah?” He answered: “Camel droppings, they tell you that a camel was here. Footprints in sand tells you somebody walked by. The earth is full of trees, sky full of stars, sun and moon and planets and ocean full of waves, doesn’t that tell you that Allah is here?”
  • Allah uses beautiful example: not even a leaf falls from a tree…but He knows it..”
  • that’s something that so small, insignificant, that happens all the time that you don’t even think or realize it, but every single leaf that falls from a tree is by command of Allah
  • hadith from tabarani (Hasan) : prophet saw passed by a bedouin man who was calling out to Allah in his prayer, Prophet saw stopped to listen to him, the bedouin prayed, “Oh You who eyes cannot see in this world, minds cannot comprehend You, people cannot praise You as You deserve to be praised and that  the incidents and occurrences do not bring about a change in Him, He doesn’t fear the tribulations of the time, He knows the exact weight of the mountains of the world, He knows the exact volume of the oceans of the world, He knows the exact number of drops of rain that fall from the sky, He knows the exact number of leaves of all the trees in the entire world, He knows the exact number of details of everything that night may hide in its darkness or the day may illuminate in its light, one sky cannot shield or hide another sky from Allah, one ground can’t hide or shield another ground from Allah, a mountain in its deepest darkest cave cannot hide anything from Allah, and the ocean in its depth and darkness cannot hide anything from Allah.”
  • this was how they understood
  • this is how the Quran teaches us to believe in Allah as well
  • Quran has progression
  • ayah – that puts you in right direction
  • what is objective of that ayat? it’s not a show (wow, amazing etc)
  • it’s for reflection, to remind, to wake up the person
  • reminder – you already know this information, it’s not something new
  • we are all created upon this fitrah, this innate nature to believe, dedicate and worship Allah
  • not only that but Quran also tells us that when Allah took the covenant from all of us, each and every single one of us said “most definitely You are.”
  • that same consciousness is hidden within each and every human being
  • these signs around us are reminders
  • these ayaat lead to reminder
  • when person heeds the reminder, realize and remember what his goals and purpose of existence is, it leads him to a very important stage; shukr, thanks
  • how the Quran began, with surah fatihah, alhamdulillah
  • at least the person become grateful, thankful
  • opposite of shukr is kufr
  • kufr – ungrateful
  • shukr is basis of iman and belief
  • when person becomes grateful the manifest of shukr is ibadah, it’s not just lip service
  • enslaving oneself to Allah willingly, voluntarily
  • understanding the goal to be the slave of Allah
  • the most obvious form of  that slavery to Allah leads to worship
  • person who goes through this journey and realizes and is grateful doesn’ t have to be forced to pray, doesn’t need a police force to make sure he is fasting
  • he wakes up at night, drags himself out of bed at 3 am, makes wudhu, stands in darkness of night with nobody knowing what he’s doing
  • he doesn’t need extra incentive
  • this person during his lunch break, while everybody else is laughing, joking and eating, he finds a corner, opens a Quran and reads it, no one is making him do it
  • he feels compelled
  • that is the realization of being a slave of Allah
  • this is kind of a pre-requisite to the passage we’re going to be studying now
  • if we keep this in mind it’ll be easy to understand subsequent ayah
  • ayatun – in its common form, nakirah form, is –
  1. tafkheem: either to show that it’s something important being talked about,
  2. or that there are multiple ways to understand this ayah (will come to it later)
  • al ardhu maytah   الَأرضُ  مَيتَة – dead earth, barren, nothing grows on it
  • Allah revives it – earth comes right back to life, even when it’s been dead for a while
  • 7habban  حَبَّا  – a seed, grain
  • faminhu ya”kuloon فَمِنهُ يَأكُلُون  – from that they eat, living off, that grain that grows out of earth

 

Ayat 34

36:34
Sahih International
And We placed therein gardens of palm trees and grapevines and caused to burst forth therefrom some springs –
    • not only that but that evolves/progresses to jannaat  جَنَّات (many gardens)
    • nakheel نَخِيل  – date palms
    • a’anaabin  اعنَاب – grapes
    • date and grape are amazing forms of sustenance of Allah
    • especially for Arabs:
    • nakheel نَخِيل  – one of their primary form of sustenance
    • a’naab اعنَاب – form of luxury
    • not only does Allah create garden from which you can live (potatoes, grain) but also luxuries like grapes, mangoes etc
    • wa fajjarna fiiha minal ‘uyoon وَ فَجَّرنَا فِيهَا مِن العُيُون  – we made gush forth in this earth from springs
    • first earth was barren
    • not only Allah revived it, but the necessary form of sustenance come out of it, and also luxury items, and then water gushes out from it, no lack of water

 

Ayat 35

36:35
Sahih International
That they may eat of His fruit. And their hands have not produced it, so will they not be grateful
    • so that they may eat from its fruit and their hands didn’t do any of these
    • as if Allah saying , “By the way just in case you forgot, their hands haven’t done any of these.”
    • Allah brought the earth back
    • they can’t bring the earth back to life, they didn’t bring the water out
    • surah mulk-
      67:30
      Sahih International

      Say, “Have you considered: if your water was to become sunken [into the earth], then who could bring you flowing water?”

    • if Allah was to make the water recede back into the ground, who would bring it back up to the surface
    • nobody could
    • another way to understand this
    • the 1st one above : ma مَا- understood as negation – their hands didn’t do this
    • 2nd way: ma mausoolah مَا مَوصُولَه- and that which their hands have done
    • Allah has provided all of this so that they can eat the fruit, or even that which they do, earn with their own hands are only due to Allah making it possible
    • when people earn something with their hands, is it possible without Allah willing it? No
    • farmers only able to grow because Allah made it possible
    • afala yashkuroon? افَلاَ يَشكُرُون؟ then finally as a conclusion, are they not grateful? don’t they realize, show their gratitude? why don’t they live a life of gratefulness when they can’t even survive without Allah making all this possible?
    • this talking about the nature we see around us
    • what we eat, drink, survive of
    • but there is another understanding to this ayah as well
    • the first is the physical understanding of the ayah
  • spiritual understanding of this ayah:
    • the previous ayah we studied, ayat 32, ended by saying, “each and every single one of them will be presented before Us”
    • mushrikoon and disbelievers throughout history, one of their primary objection was that “when we’re dead and decomposed, how are we going to be brought back to life? what is this nonsense?”
    • Allah answers “you have doubt about this, look at the earth.”
    • this is where this example works in
    • just like Allah can make the earth come back to life,
    • not only did He bring it back to life but grains grows out of it, people eat of it, the barren earth now lush, everything growing, then there are springs gushing forth from that same earth that was barren
    • people are benefitting from it, making more out of it,
    • why aren’t you grateful?
    • we take it a step further – it also shows how a person can become spiritually revived
    • someone who doesn’t have understanding of oneness of Allah, his heart is dead
    • but when Allah grants him understanding of tauheed, he’s brought back to life
    • habban  حَبَّا – something good comes out of him
    • faminhu y”akuloon فَمِنهُ يَأكُلُون – he benefits and people around him benefit
    • nakheel  نَخِيل – if he continues to walk down this path he can continue to climb steps of taqwa, birr, shukr, tawakkul, grow spiritually, he can become like that lush gardens, socially he’s beneficial to people around him his family benefiting from him, everywhere he goes people benefit from him
    • prophet saw always used example of water for knowledge
    • that person becomes source of teaching other people something good
    • hadith; “My example and the example of that which Allah has sent me with is the example of abundant rainfall from the sky.”
    • he’s benefitting other people
    • what brings life to things? water
    • what will spiritually revive community, society? good people who revive communities, societies
    • liya”kuloo min thamarihi لِيَأكُلُو مِن ثَمَرِهِ- so everyone can benefit
    • live life of peace
    • hayatun tayyibah  حَيَاة طَيِّبَه – beautiful life
    • wa ma amilathu aydihim وَ مَا عَمِلَتهُ ايدِيهِم- and they will be rewarded for the good they do
    • this understanding, interpretation of spiritual reflection is not something new
    • in surah Ibrahim – a good word is like a beautiful tree, the roots are firm solid but its branched reach far into the sky, it gives its fruits at all times and season by command and permission of its lord
    • Allah giving these examples so people will remember of what their purpose in life is

     

 

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