Tafseer Surah Yaseen 18-19

Recap:

  • we left off in the middle of a passage
  • this passage talks about a people in the town or village they refused the message brought to them despite having 3 messengers bringing the message to them
  • they began to levy accusations against these messengers, calling them liars, what they’re authority is
  • they ended on note by letting these people know that
  • “we have been sent to you, you can refuse you can resist, but what you need to understand is that our obligation is to convey the message to you in a profound clear manner.”

Ayat 18

36:18
Sahih International
They said, “Indeed, we consider you a bad omen. If you do not desist, we will surely stone you, and there will surely touch you, from us, a painful punishment.”
  • now Allah tells what the response of these people are
  • they respond
  • this is showing the progression
  • this passage not talking about that one specific town
  • but Allah telling Muhammad saw that this has transpired time and time again and that every messenger has gone through this ordeal
  • now it shows progression of refusal and denial of message
  • “we most definitely feel or sense evil or misfortune from you”
  • taTTayyur  تَطَيُّر  – root from word tayyr طَير
  • tayyr  طَير – literally means bird
  • Ttaa”ir طَا إِير  – something that birds,making birds fly
  • when somebody had to make decision, whether good situations or not, they’d take birds, they’d throw them up and see in which direction they fly
  • superstition
  • tattayyur – to see something as evil omen
  • we see you (messengers) as evil omen
  • we sense something bad is going to happen to us because of YOU
  • is this statement substantiated or not?
  • this is where we step back and look at the Quran
  • surah an’aam :most definitely we have sent to the nations that came before you messengers, and we all of suddenly grab them (instantly very very quickly) and they were stricken with something) with ba”saa wa dharra, this was so they would humble themselves
  • ba”sa = economical difficulty
  • dharra = difficulty whether social, war, conflict or other external difficulty
  • so it would crack that shell, that ego they had placed around themselves
  • In surah a’raaf allah repeats same concept, but more explicit
  • “We had not sent to any town a prophet except for that we grab the people of that town with that same difficult and adversity and problems so they would humble themselves.”
  • so they’d come off a little bit off the high pedestal they’re from
  • when Allah send messengers to the people, and people refuse, not willing to listen, deny the message, then difficulty comes to the people.
  • this is to reinforce message of messengers, as a wake up call
  • if you can’t wake up from the alarm on your phone, you get a digital alarm clock, if that doesn’t work you get the huge granddaddy clock that would wake up the whole neighborhood
  • Allah sends miracle they still don’t listen so Allah send this huge difficulty(this alarm clock with the huge bells on them)
  • Quran tells us about Musa a.s.
  • When he brought the message to Firawn and his people, did they listen and obey? No
  • Musa showed them the staff-snake miracles, they still didn’t believe
  • Allah sent to them hurricane, locusts, lice, frogs, blood, one after another in waves, the adversities came to wake them up and snap them out of this deep sleep
  • Allah is saying that this is the sunnah of Allah
  • this objection/statement the disbelieving people saying to messenger, there is significance in it in that difficulty did come upon them, but their mistake is that they attribute the difficulty to the messengers
  • tattayyur is not just bad luck but a sign of bad luck to come

lain lam tan tahu لَئِن لَم تَنتَهُو

  • the next step, first they attribute the evil that is coming to them bec of their own stubbornness to the messengers
  • their next step of violence, threat
  • if you don’t stop, we will most definitely stone you to death

lanarjumannakum  لَنَرجُمَنَّكُم  – we will stone you

  •   رَجَم rajam – to literally throw rocks at something, or throw away something like garbage
  • most definitely you will feel from us a most painful tormenting punishment
  • we’ll inflict pain you – this is their threat
  • see where it has escalated to
  • look at life of Muhammad saw, didn’t it also reach this point?
  • before abu talib passed away, they tried to figure out ways to stop prophet saw, bargaining, etc anything
  • Abu talib said to Muhammad saw, “I love you, but have you thought about what you’re doing ?”
  • prophet saw had tears in his eyes, for a moment he thought, even my own uncle is not supporting me anymore
  • I swear to you oh uncle that if they put the sun in my right hand and moon in my left (impossibility) I will not stop doing what I have been sent to do. This is my mission.
  • abu talib reassured prophet saw that he had not given up on him and was still supportive of him and told prophet saw to keep on dong what he’s doing
  • same situation here, they said they had problems in their society and Muhammad saw was the source of it
  • when prophet saw didn’t stop violence happened, killing sumayya, sahabah tortured mercilessly, bilal, khabab, even women were not spared
  • this was where it has escalated to
  • what is the response?
Ayat 19
36:19
Sahih International
They said, “Your omen is with yourselves. Is it because you were reminded? Rather, you are a transgressing people.”
  • messengers respond
  • this evil that you feel and sense, that you’re alluding to, this is your problem
  • the messengers are not substantiating the fact that they are evil omens, bt it’s a rebuttal to the response
  • if anything bad happen to you, it’s your doing
  • take a long closer look at yourself and then tell me where your problems are coming from
  • where did this evil omen come from?

a in zhukirtum اَ اِن ذُكِّرتُم  ? just because you were reminded?

  • from the simple fact that you were reminded simply what is right and wrong what is good and bad, how to live your life
  • rather than take and understand and internalize message and see how it can benefit you, you’d rather turn it into something negative?
  •    مُسِرفُون  musrifoon  from word israaf  اِسرَاف
  • root of word comes from meaning ‘crossing the line”
  • musrifoon – people who cross the line
  • Allah didn’t specify what lines they crossed bec there are many many lines they crossed
  • not believing in Allah
  • refusing and slandering and accusing messengers
  • they cross lines further even against themselves now that difficulty is coming to them because of their own fault they turn around and put the blame on the messengers
  • they crossing these lines
  • somebody has come to you sweating, bleeding, sacrificing, putting himself on the line for your sake, to benefit you, to give you message and make you understand
  • and instead of appreciating that message you turn around and blame your problems on him
  • this is something that has occurred with all messengers before
  • Al- A’raaf 130-131
  • 7:130
    Sahih International

    And We certainly seized the people of Pharaoh with years of famine and a deficiency in fruits that perhaps they would be reminded.

    7:131
    Sahih International

    But when good came to them, they said, “This is ours [by right].” And if a bad [condition] struck them, they saw an evil omen in Moses and those with him. Unquestionably, their fortune is with Allah , but most of them do not know.

  • even in Makkah in surah nisa 78
  • 4:78
    Sahih International

    Wherever you may be, death will overtake you, even if you should be within towers of lofty construction. But if good comes to them, they say, “This is from Allah “; and if evil befalls them, they say, “This is from you.” Say, “All [things] are from Allah .” So what is [the matter] with those people that they can hardly understand any statement?

  • how is messenger supposed to respond now? Allah now teaching prophet saw how to respond. How his messenger brothers responded
  • not ‘they shove so shove them back’
  • but with confidence, tell them what needs to be said
  • “you were only doing this simply because you were reminded. you crossed limes, I have nothing to do with this.”
  • don’t fall to their level but at same time be firm and tell them what needs to be said
  • end of surah taubah ties in with this (2nd last ayah)
  • 9:128
    Sahih International

    There has certainly come to you a Messenger from among yourselves. Grievous to him is what you suffer; [he is] concerned over you and to the believers is kind and merciful.

  • Allah telling prophet saw that same thing happened before you and how they handled it
  • one of greatest blessings upon mankind specifically muslim ummah is that this messenger is sent to us, we have a role model
  • messenger came from amongst yourselves
  • he understood what you’re going to, he can relate to you, he has empathy, he would feel for you

‘azeezun aalaihi ma ‘   عَزِيز عَلَيهِ مَا عَنِتُّم – it was very rough on him what you went through

  • when prophet saw saw a person suffering, it would hurt him,
  • he’d cry for ppl, hurt for people, go hungry to make sure someone else wouldn’t

hareesun ‘alaykum حَرَِيص عَلَيكُم   – literally, harees (from hirs حِرص)

  • we usually associate this quality with wealth, money, greed for money, cars, fame, house, luxury, reputation, power influence
  • prophet saw also desired something, after something, chasing after something -> well-being of humanity, guidance of mankind
  • this is what he lived for, this was what his whole life was dedicated to
  • this is a huge vast topic in itself, so we won’t get into specifics
  • but prophet saw never stopped, literally
  • hadith : my example and your example is like a man who lit a big fire all these bugs start coming and falling into the fire. i’m trying to shoo them away from the fire. You’re like those bugs, not realizing what you’re doing. I’m trying to shoo you but you keep slipping but so i try to grab you from behind but you slip through my fingers
  • he had tears in his eyes when he said this
  • that’s all he wanted, for people to believe, to find success
  • the people who would believe and would support and follow him (saw), he is very compassionate, soft, gentle, very very merciful
  • that is what the prophet saw is, compassionate, merciful
  • all famous incidents in seerah
  • man urinating in masjid, look how he deals with that
  • young man who came to him (saw) and asked for permission to commit zina- did he slap him, brush him off? no he treats him like a person and talks to him intelligently
  • letting the man know that prophet saw didn’t have any grudge against him
  • he(saw) spoke to him at the same level – what if someone was to do the same thing to a female member of yr family?
  • he (saw) reasoned with him
  • when man understood he said subhanallah you’re right
  • to let the man know, show love and compassion and build bond with him prophet saw places his hand on chest of that man and said “oh Allah purify his heart”
  • young boy whose bird died, pet bird, the prophet saw found this out and he (saw) takes out time, this is the leader of humanity, and he takes time to sit down and talk to this young boy
  • he’s (saw) making time for him
  • he makes time like this for everybody
  • what we have to do today, the greatest day we can do is to live up to that legacy
  • be compassionate, empathise with people, share message of Islam with people through your character
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s