Tafseer Surah Yaseen: 8-10

  • up till this point, Allah opened by placing the weight of the statement that is going to be said in Quran and profound wisdom and authority of Quran (quranil hakeem قُر اَنِ الحَكِيم),
  • opening lays heavy emphasis on accepting prophet saw
  • crux of his message : ala siraatil mustaqeem عَلَى صِرَاطِ المُستَقِيم
  • how did he go about executing this message? what main primary vehicle to convey this message? the Quran itself
  • the primary people, first recipients of message were people of quraysh of Makkah, arabia, Allah letting prophet saw know that this is going to require a lot of effort because their forefathers had no message delivered to them so they’re completely heedless
  • but at same time, Allah balances statement, knowing prophet saw, that he will go above and beyond what is required to the point of destroying himself for sake of people that som e way they will listen and understand so Allah letting him know that for majority of people the punishment has been decided in their case and they’re not listening and so don’t be waiting for them to believe
  • ayat 8, 9, 10 will further elaborate the point made in ayat 7

Ayat 8

36:8
Sahih International

Indeed, We have put shackles on their necks, and they are to their chins, so they are with heads [kept] aloft.

  • aghlaalan اَغلاَل – iron collars, shackles
  • shackles all the way up to their chin
  • so their heads stuck in one position, slightly upward, in fixed position
  • inna ja’alnaa إِنَّا جَعَلنَا – Allah attributing action to Himself
  • when there is repetition of We it creates meaning of exclusivity
  • It is We and Only We who have done this
  • so it’s exclusive to Allah
  • a’naaq إَعنَاق – plural of ‘unuq عُنُق (neck)
  • aghlaa اَغلاَ plural of ghul غُل(shackle) – the way you shackle a prisoner
  • ghul غُل is a general word so can be handcuffs, or any type of shackle that you put on prisoner
  • but with use of word a’naaq إَعنَاق it refers to shackles that are put around neck of people
  • ilal azhqaan اِلى الاَذقَانِ – when you push neck up and stick it in that position you have no more room to move your neck around
  • no give in the shackle
  • fahum muqma7hoon فَهُم مُقمَحُون-
  • qamah7a قَمَحَ when camel comes to drink water and after having drank, it stands in front of the water, looking down at it, but it raises its head, not drinking anymore – this is called aqmahal ba’eer اقمَحَ البَعِير
  • another explanation, a lexicon =
  • sometimes they would tie neck of camel to its back that neck of camel would stay upwards to keep it alert
  • when they want camel to walk or stand in particular position, not move around, they’d tie neck in such a way
  • this word refers to that too (muqmahoon)
  • people put in such position as ayah explaining where their heads are suspended can’t move up or down
  • Allah emphasizing this fact
  • under no circumstances can they lower their head
  • this is talking about their arrogance
  • the message provided, messenger came, Quran recited, they were arrogant, rude, behaved extremely arrogantly
  • Allah set this curse upon them
  • fine you want to be arrogant, be in a position of arrogance
  • surah baqarah talk about this a lot
  • arrogance is #1 obstacle to guidance
  • quraysh couldn’t speak ill of prophet saw even when given the opportunity to
  • Quran was so attractive to them that they’d go and listen to its recitation
  • they couldn’t resist recitation of Quran nor character of prophet saw but what stopped them? arrogance
  • narration about abu jahl that he was asked, “Is Muhammad a liar?” He said, “No, he’s not.” “What about the Quran?”  “It’s unbelievable!” “So why won’t you believe?” He said, “We are  ‘Amr and  they are Banu Hashim. We have a rivalry. When we do something we do it better than they do but if we accept him as messenger of Allah and the Quran as word of Allah we can’t duplicate it, this is unique, we never heard anything like it before and probably will never hear anything like it again. We can’t beat them at this, if we do this we’re lost. So what’s the better option for us? We’ll just refuse and resist.”
  • this arrogance they have it’s as if Allah cursing them with their own arrogance
  • the other implication of this statement of their head being fixed in this position:
  • in surah Fussilat :”we will very soon show them our miraculous signs in the horizon.”
  • Surah Naba – talks about the wonder of allah’s creation around us
  • Surah mulk – look at earth and sky
  • that’s what humbles ppl when they look at beauty of Allah’s creation
  • at end of surah Aali imran – in the creation of heavens of earth — there are miraculous clear unavoidable signs for people of intelligence (who has ability to think)
  • 3:190
    Sahih International

    Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day are signs for those of understanding.

  • if they look around them it will humble them : “I have to believe in Allah, how can I explain all of this?”
  • but when their neck held in stuck position they can’t look up at sky, or at earth they can’t see the beauty all around them
  • it’s further drowning them in their own arrogance and ignorance
  • they chose a path for themselves and Allah telling them “You made you choice, now live with your choice.”
  • Allah saying this in past tense
  • “We have made….”
  • the fact that it’s in past tense, some scholars say it’s giving an analogy of their spiritual condition
  • some mufassiroon say this is talking about Day of Judgment
  • they will be shackled in this way on Day of Judgment
  • they won’t be able to humble or submit themselves
  • past tense is confirming that this will happen, so guaranteed as if it has already happened
  • the ayah that are coming make it more apparent that this is talking about their condition in the life of this world (metaphorically)

Ayat 9

36:9
Sahih International

And We have put before them a barrier and behind them a barrier and covered them, so they do not see.

  • Allah further continuing the analogy, how pitiful their situation is, how truly cursed these people are
  • Allah repeats word ja’alna جَعَلنَا
  • by repeating this word, scholars explain that this is talking about different barrier
  • the 1st is their internal obstacle to see the truth
  • arrogance has such a hold of them that it’s as if their neck stuck, and they can’t see anything else
  • now this is talking about external obstacles
  • that even if they’re able to get over internal issues there are external barriers as well
  • what are they?
  • min bayni aidiihem sadda مِن بَينِ ايدِهِم سدَّا
  • sadd سَدّ- barrier between 2 things, something that prevents two things from coming together; guidance and them
  • Allah use the word min مِن – this means this barrier is touching them
  • it’s like they’re squeezed between two walls
  • just like their necks can’t move they’re also stuck between two walls
  • powerful imagery
  • stuck in such a tight spot
  • imagine the suffocation, trapped condition
  • not a comfortable lifestyle
  • this is very obvious when you look around and you see people away from Alan’s guidance, their lifestyle is suffocating, very narrow life, not much to look forward to
  • this is their situation
  • from behind them there is another wall blocking them in
  • not only that, their necks locked up in that position, wall in front, and another wall pressing from behind and on top of them something covering them up
  • now they can’t see daylight
  • they’re completely trapped in this situation

Ayat 10

36:10
Sahih International

And it is all the same for them whether you warn them or do not warn them – they will not believe.

  • sawaa”un سَوَاأُ- absolutely equal, doesn’t make any difference
  • a anzhartahum اَىنذَرتَهُم- whether you warn them
  • inzhaarاِنذَار -to warn someone out of imminent danger out of concern for them
  • am lam tunzhirhum ام لَم تُنذِرهُم – or you don’t warn them
  • what’s the point of doing dawah then ?
  • why even bother?
  • Al-A’raaf 164 – Allah addresses the same question
  • 7:164
    Sahih International

    And when a community among them said, “Why do you advise [or warn] a people whom Allah is [about] to destroy or to punish with a severe punishment?” they [the advisors] said, “To be absolved before your Lord and perhaps they may fear Him.”

  • some people amongst them they say, “Why are you talking to these people? Allah is going to destroy them, why even bother to talk to them?”
  • the messengers replied : “So that they have no excuse left with your lord, when they stand before Allah they have no excuses.”
  • messenger can stand there and say, “I have left no stone left unturned, I did what I could, Ya Allah.”
  • those people can’t make anymore excuses
  • completes the argument, solidifies situation
  • at same time, it teaches us to never give up on people
  • possible, hopefully they might realize what they’re doing wrong
  • you never know, Allah knows, but you and I, we don’t know
  • maybe tomorrow, today etc
  • abu sufyan accepted Islam 20 years after 1st revelation
  • he built armies and launched attacks on Madinah time after time and 20 years later he’s a sahaba

Conclusion:

  • Allah very clearly attributing all of this to Himself
  • ‘We did this’
  • the trap that they’re in, Allah says, “We did it.”
  • Why is Allah doing this to them, doesn’t He want them to believe?
  • when you step back and take a look at the bigger picture of the Quran
  • when you study the Quran overall and the themes and how Allah talks about guidance
  • you realize that in other places in the Quran He explains these things very clearly
  • Allah tells us that He has sent guidance, as clear as day
  • He has sent messengers, mercy, placed signs all around us, Allah has put indicators, little things that can bring us back to Allah, even within ourselves
  • Allah made guidance very easy, accessible
  • look at camel –
    88:17
    Sahih International

    Then do they not look at the camels – how they are created?

  • how the sky was raised –
    88:18
    Sahih International

    And at the sky – how it is raised?

  • how the mountain has been erected –
  • 88:19
    Sahih International

    And at the mountains – how they are erected?

  • how the earth has been spread –
    88:20
    Sahih International

    And at the earth – how it is spread out?

  • it’s all around you
  • you have to try not look for it to not see
  • if we don’t have ability and faculties to access them , these would be pointless,
  • so Allah says in Surah Insaan:
    76:2
    Sahih International

    Indeed, We created man from a sperm-drop mixture that We may try him; and We made him hearing and seeing.

  • “We created human being but at end of Ayah, we create human being so we could test him (nabtaleehi) but in order to test him we give him ability to hear, see, (samee’an basseera)
  • in other ayah, Allah gave the human the ability to think, comprehend, look around, feel, understand
  • so He gave guidance all around us, messengers, divine revelation, miraculous signs all around us, give ability to comprehend, reflect,think, see, hear, understand
  • then Allah says more in Surah insaan
  • 76:3
    Sahih International

    Indeed, We guided him to the way, be he grateful or be he ungrateful.

  • then He gave human being a clear choice; figure out whether you want to be shaakiran (grateful to Allah for what He has given you and follow through and give Allah His right) or kafooran (you want to be ungrateful to Allah and disbelieve in Allah and not acknowledge what He has given you)
  • فَمَن شَاءَ فَليُؤمِن فَمَن شَاءَ فَليَكفُر fa man shaa a falyu’min wa manshaa a fal yakfur – whoever wants to believe he can believe who ever wants to disbelieve let him disbelieve
  • Allah gave us signs and ability to comprehend the signs and He gave us a choice
  • You decide what you want to do with this
  • you want to understand or turn away from it and remain arrogant and just not care?
  • You make that choice
  • think about everything Allah has done, made guidance easy right under his nose, gave him ability to access it, every opportunity to have it, give him the total freedom to choose this and despite this if a person says, “Not interested.”
  • this is where Allah says “Inna ja’alna fee a’naaqihim…اِنَّا جَعَلنَا فِي اَعنَاقِهِم …”
  • I did put them in the situation but don’t forget what happens before they fell into this situation
  • they walked to it
  • like someone walks to edge and jumps off
  • this person is asking for it
  • Allah making it apparent here that these people have chosen this for themselves
  • abu jahl couldn’t in his right mind, in good conscience, call prophet saw a liar, he had to admit he’s truthful he can’t admit Quran is not truthful but he still says he disbelieves , whatever his reason was
  • that person is basically asking for what is coming to him
  • that is what Allah is making apparent here
  • in next ayah will be about other group of people: if you sent to warn and preach, if these people don’t benefit from them, who will benefit?
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3 thoughts on “Tafseer Surah Yaseen: 8-10

  1. بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    As-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh Kak Juli,

    I hope all is well with you and your family in shaa’ Allaah.

    Jazaakumullaahu khayr for the notes! Maa shaa’ Allaah, they are very helpful. I just want to point out a small mistake in the following extract:

    fahum muqmahoon فَهُم مُقمَهُون –
    >>I think this should be : مقمحون with حnot ه.

    qamaha قَمَهَ- (with ح) when camel comes to drink water and after having drank, it stands in front of the water, looking down at it, but it raises its head, not drinking anymore – this is called aqmahal ba’eedh

    >> أقمح البعير (i believe, as ba`eer in arabic means camel (check surah yusuf, when the story of his brothers coming to him asking for merchandise (himlu ba`eer).

    baarak Allaahu feekum! May Allaah `azza wa jall grant us the understanding of His Words, aameen.

    • jak umm maryam!! will do the corrections inshaallah..that’s why la i thought it was weird that it was ha and 7ha..and ba’eer , i couldn’t hear it and i’m sure ba’eedh doesn’t mean camel LOL..so jak for catching those and correcting them! HUGS

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