Tafseer Surah Yaseen: 1-4

  • How to sustain growth we experience during Ramadan?
  • we treat Ramadan as a task at hand, just a responsibility I have here and now
  • let me discharge this whether it be fasting during day, taraweeh at night etc
  • i do it for here and now without any vision or intention for the future
  • hadith: innamal a’maalu binniyaat…= actions are dependent upon their intention
  • p saw a man of great wisdom
  • sometimes p saw would say one thing and it would have many layers to it
  • one of layers of understanding this hadith: you will get out of an action, the intention you go into it
  • if we go into Ramadan looking to fast 30 days, that’s what you will get
  • if i come into Ramadan with a goal, a list of things I want to improve about myself, leave bad habits, and work on them
  • i use the shaytaan being locked away to our advantage
  • the improvement will stick with me inshaallah
  • try to memorize whatever is studied – 5 lines at most
  • memorizing 3, 4, 5, lines of Quran is easier than you think
  • Allah has made it easy
  • “We have made the Quran easy”
  • but he places one requirement = dhikr – whoever approaches Quran for purpose of remembrance of Allah
  • whoever memorize to seek closeness to Allah, it will be made easy for that person
  • come approach the Quran
  • in Ramadan there is more barakah

Surah Yaseen

  • makki surah, revealed during makkan period
  • all revelation from this period focuses on 3 main things
  • Iman:
  • 3 components of this:
  1. belief in oneness of Allah
  2. belief of prophethood of Muhammad saw – sent by Allah Himself, divinely communicated with
  3. life of hereafter – when ppl die there is something else that transpires on other side, resurrection, jannah, jahannam
  • surat yaseen in this regard is no different than other makki surah in Quran
  • 36th surah in quran
  • followed saba and faatir
  • saba and fatir also focus on these things, they are makkan surahs too
  • they talk about same thing but surah yaseen takes on a different tone
  • it starts out by focusing more heavily on prophethood of Muhammad saw
  • faatir talks bout prophet but it focuses more on concept of tauheed
  • yaseen place heavy emphasis on prophethood of Muhammad saw specifically
  • couple of hadith of virtue of surah yaseen
  • discussion on some of authenticity of them but majority opinion on the authenticity on 2 of these narrations
  • hadith 1 : everything has a heart and yaseen is the heart of the Quran
  • the beauty of how surah yaseen manifests this, beauty of how it flows, it’s the perfect example of how yaseen depicts the beauty of the Quran
  • yaseen is so loved, revered by Muslims regardless of their knowledge
  • the acceptability of surah yaseen in the hearts of ppl is the other thing p saw was alluding to
  • p saw said I wish surah yaseen to be in the heart of every people
  • this was the desire of p saw, so we should try to memorize it
  • hadith 2: recite yaseen upon your dead
  • when someone experiencing difficulty at time of passing, p sw recommends to recite yaseen upon that person
  • makes it easier for that person to leave this world
  • this is prevalent practice in muslim community but most people do this do this as ritual
  • of course yaseen has effect bec it’s word of Allah, but so does other surah
  • yaseen talks about iman, reaffirms prophethood of Muhammad saw, day of hereafter, reward and punishment, accountability, standing before Allah
  • p saw alluding to when there is mass education in our communities in the Quran and esp in surah yaseen, when person is dying and he hears surah yaseen he will be reaffirmed in faith, he will refocus, it will remind him of allah, p saw, principles of faith and iman and this will lead person into a better death and better result in hereafter
  • this is the understanding into what the p saw is teaching us
  • surah faatir ends on powerful note
  • Faatir 42
  • 35:42
    Sahih International

    And they swore by Allah their strongest oaths that if a warner came to them, they would be more guided than [any] one of the [previous] nations. But when a warner came to them, it did not increase them except in aversion.

  • they exhaust taking oath by everything and anything,
  • they used to swear that if a prophet ever come to us, we’ll believe but when p saw came to them they ran away faster than they ever did before
  • so in surah yaseen allah begins with yaseen
  • yaseen – huruf muqatta’at (disjointed letters)
  • like alif lam meen, haa meem , sad qaf, noon, etc
  • what do they mean?
  • the most authentic and majority of scholars throughout centuries : only Allah knows the true meaning of these letters
  • yaseen – more discussion on what it means
  • some ppl say it means “oh human beings”
  • some say it’s the name of p saw
  • but reality is, we have no confirmation of this fact, no authentic narration to base those opinions on
  • this can also be considered part of miracle of Quran
  • these are letters arabic language constructed of
  • arabs at that time were some of most poetic, eloquent ppl on this earth who were masters of their language but they have never heard those letters used in such a way before
  • when you put them together they are vowelized and connected – that was how it was used before
  • so it shocked and amazed them
  • purpose of these letters – captures attention of the listeners
  • majority of us don’t know the arabic language that well but when we stand behind imam and imam starts reciting surah, we listen
  • but when imam says haa meeem, doesn’t that catch your attention a little bit more?
  • it grabs yr attention immediately, captivates the listener
  • it’s like = “everybody listen up!:
  • the fact that we don’t know what it means, humbles us
  • expert of the Quran – they will never know what thee letters mean, so it humbles the scholar
  • another observation of all surah that begins with these disjointed letters, the next part of that surah talks about the Quran, and oftentimes oaths involved also
  • word kitaab or Quran occurring in same or next ayah where these letters are
  • it calls our attention to the Quran
  • it’s a very deep philosophical surah
  • purpose of life, reason for our existence, gratefulness, and what it requires of a person, how to be such and once we are what are we required to do
  • 1st part of surah is a consolation to the p saw
  • you are a true messenger, what you’re doing is correct, don’t pay attention to these people are cursing you, lying about you etc
  • 2nd part of surah – give lesson to quraysh of prophets from other towns where their people rejected their prophets
  • 3rd part – beauty of Allah’s creation, how we can look at sun, trees, ocean and appreciate fact that Allah is our creator sustainer and how great Allah is because His creation is magnificent
  • 4th part – when non muslims, those who refuse to believe are shown these signs of Allah’s magnificence and told to believe in Allah, when they start to refsue and reject what happens to them
  • 5th part – what happens in life of hereafter, to these 2 groups of people, what will happen tothem on Day of judgment
  • 6th part – Allah issues warning to people who have intelligence, wealth, faculties, assets, talent, resources, but they refuse to use these to see and understand oneness of Allah
  • end of surah – concludes with same theme that surah opened with, letting p saw know “listen you have a job to do, you’re there to focus on people who are willing to listen and understand, and those who don’t leave them for Allah to deal with.”
36:1
Sahih International

Ya, Seen.

  • grabs attention
36:2
Sahih International

By the wise Qur’an.

  • normally wau means ‘and’
  • here it means an oath
  • by the Quran that is full of wisdom
  • Allah swearing by Quran
  • the word Quran is given name by Allah but its root alludes to meaning of word that means – to read something
  • the ending ‘aan – alludes to meaning of abundance
  • Quran – that which is read in abundance
  • coincidence – Allah began surah yaseen by walquran – surah yaseen is most frequently recited art of Quran
  • hakeem has 2 possible meanings
  • comes from wisdom
  • hakeem – someone full of wisdom, all wise
  • but it has a 2nd meaning
  • from root of word hukm – authoritative
  • hakeem can also mean decisive or authoritative, it governs your life, decisive in delivering a message to you
  • which one does it actually mean? wisdom or authority
  • reality – it means both
  • part of beauty of Quran
  • one word in Quran can have multiple meanings
  • that is depth and richness of the language of the Quran
  • how one word in quran can have multiple understandings and meaning – a science tawassu’ fil’ ma’na fil quranil kareem
  • Quran is both authoritative and wise
  • wisdom, wise – Quran is miraculous for many reasons
  • it has scientific miracles
  • tells us prophecies
  • bec of its eloquent unparalleled language
  • most prominent miracle – its wisdom, depth, message, profundity, tells you how to live your life, what you need in order to live successful meaningful life
  • if someone believes Quran is guidance for all times and situations
  • Quran is cure for whatever problem individual, worldwide, communal, family
36:3
Sahih International

Indeed you, [O Muhammad], are from among the messengers,

  • why is allah swearing?
  • He’s swearing by quran that innaka laminal mursalin
  • kaf = you
  • whenever there is singular second person addressed in Quran – referring usually to p saw
  • inna – for emphasis, to remove doubt
  • there should remain no doubt about fact that you (Muhammad saw)
  • lam – for further emphasis
  • you most definitely from mursalin
  • mursaleen comes from root of word irsaal
  • mursal – someone who has been sent
  • irsaal – to someone from higher authority
  • rasul – someone with message from higher authority
  • if someone is mursal or rasul it doesn’t just mean he’s a messenger but it’s connected directly to Allah bec he’s sent by a higher authority
  • mursaleen – all those people sent from higher authority
  • there shld remain no doubt that you belong to a group of people sent by authority of Allah with His message
  • first Allah swears by Quran that p saw is a messenger of Allah
  • Allah creating a connection here
  • this is another part of wisdom of Quran
  • Allah knew this situation will arise among people where people will accept Quran fine but will have problems accepting p saw
  • if you accept Quran how can you not accept p saw?
  • qasm(oath) and jawaabul qasm (reason for taking the oath)
  • profound relationship grammatically speaking
  • innaka laminal mursaleen = consolation to p saw, you’re not first person to be sent from Allah, to be rejected, many came before you, all these messengers they went through what you are going through right now, there is a fraternity of brotherhood
  • when you know you’re not by yourself, it’s an emotional consolation
  • Allah is emotionally consoling p sw
  • time in Makkah is tough so Allah consoling p saw
  • know you’re not on your own
  • the next thing …
36:4
Sahih International

On a straight path.

  • ‘alaa = upon/on top of
  • siraat = path
  • but there another word that also means path = sabeel
  • siraat vs sabeel
  • sirat has no plural
  • sabeel has plural
  • when Allah talks about guidance, iman, deen Allah uses siraat
  • when Allah talks about spending in charity He uses sabeel
  • many ways of charity, flood victims, homeless, etc
  • mustaqeem – upright, straight, come from root of word that means to make something stand
  • when we’re sitting body is crooked but when stand up body is straight
  • very very straight, direct, upright – all these meaning built into the word
  • beautiful word –
  • 1. shortest, quickest path to pleasure of Allah
  • straight line = shortest route between two points
  • 2. it’s upright, noble
  • deen is noble, there is nothing humiliating, unworthy, disgusting, it’s a very noble way of living life
  • word ‘alaa is a beautiful preposition
  • imagery built into this world
  • atop, upon this straight path
  • imagery here – like getting on train, once you get on train, you dn’t have to run or do anything, you just sit back and let train take you the rest of the way
  • once you’re on sirat mustaqeem it doesn’t require a lot of work for you
  • if you can deal with that much trouble (buying ticket, standing in line, boarding train)
  • if we can put that effort and get on sirat mustaqeem then we’re inshaallah good
  • mustaqeemIN – in its common noun form, nakirah
  • why in this form?
  • when you put something in its common form it creates versatility, diversity in meaning
  • many layered understanding again
  • Allah telling p saw that “you are inviting to a straight path” the Quran is laid out a straight path, Allah is calling ppl to a straight path
  • believing in Allah is part of it
  • the Quran brings you there
  • it creates diversity
  • Allah, Quran, prophet saw they all calling bringing us to straight path
  • creates this broad meaning when you it in its common form
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6 thoughts on “Tafseer Surah Yaseen: 1-4

  1. Assalam-o-Alaikum,

    Great job sister Juli herman. Your notes greatly help in reinforcing the learning. Well done. May Allah reward you for your efforts.

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