Ramadan Tafseer Series: Stories From the Quran

11:120
Sahih International

And each [story] We relate to you from the news of the messengers is that by which We make firm your heart. And there has come to you, in this, the truth and an instruction and a reminder for the believers.

  • at end of surah Hud
  • a surah in which Allah mentions many of nations that came before this ummah and the different prophets who came before p saw
  • punishment sent to them mentioned because they didn’t listen to the message
  • makki surah, revealed in Makkah
  • this surah is very selective in which anbiyaa Allah speaks about
  • these were prophets the Makkans were familiar with and could relate to
  • Nuh, his people, Allah used to repopulate the earth
  • Hud was one of the Arabs, so was Shuaib, Ibrahim
  • the Quraysh could relate to them and heed the message and understand the severe harsh warning given to them
  • Hud was a close relative of Ibrahim
  • Quran not a book of stories, fairy tales, story book not for entertainment purposes
  • there is a message in each and every incident Allah mentions
  • it’s to shake a person to the core and wake the person up and try to understand whether this is what you should be doing with your life
  • at end of surah
  • وَكُلًّا نَّقُصُّ عَلَيْكَ مِنْ أَنبَاءِ الرُّسُلِ مَا نُثَبِّتُ بِهِ فُؤَادَكَ ۚ وَجَاءَكَ فِي هَٰذِهِ الْحَقُّ وَمَوْعِظَةٌ وَذِكْرَىٰ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
  • All of these incidents that are being related to you (نَّقُصُّ عَلَيْكَ مِنْ أَنبَاءِ الرُّسُلِ)
  • so that your heart may be strengthened, solidified
  • نَّقُصُّ عَلَيْكَ – we’re recounting to you step by step
  • nabaa” in arabic means some extremely important news or news that is relevant to you
  • khabr = general news whether pertinent to you or not
  • nabaa” – news that is specifically relevant and pertinent to you so you need to pay attention to it, it’s also important news so you’d better listen
  • Allah is informing you of very important lessons that are very pertinent to you
  • نُثَبِّتُ from tathbeet – to solidify something, if you have a table that wobbles, if you nail it up and now it doesn’t shake or wobble anymore, this is tathbeet
  • فُؤَادَكَ is for heart but specifically in Arabic, the root means for something to be hot, flamed, heated
  • so it relates to the emotion of the heart
  • the heart experiences some extreme emotions and the heart at that moment is called fu’aad
  • the prophet saw when he was delivering the message he’s invested everything, his heart, his soul to convey and give hidayah to the people.
  • he faces opposition on top of opposition and they were increasing as time goes on where you expect as time goes on they would get soft
  • the people at the forefront of the opposition were none other than his family members, abu jahl, abu lahab
  • they were his most severe enemies
  • so Allah says He relates all these stories f the past prophets and that he (saw) could relate to them so this would solidify his heart so that all the emotion he was experiencing with the opposition will not break him down or affect him and so that the distractions would not get him
  • haqq itself in Arabic means that which is solid, constant, that which cannot be shaken
  • the truth, the solid truth has come in this surah
  • مَوْعِظَةٌ -wa’zdh = warn against that which can be harmful
  • he could warn them that by going down this road it will lead to more destruction
  1. warn them
  2. remind them of that which benefits them
  • repeating the reminder brings more benefit
  • sabr – the root literally means to tie himself
  • to tie the heart, gives it stability, strength to be able to deal with the difficulties faced

whenever we hear the stories of these past nations in the Quran, we need to take away,

  • first and foremost, a warning, to not go down that path, not to resemble them in any way
  • this is for people who have also entered into Islam
  • anytime we start to see ourselves sharing characteristics with them we need to realize, ‘I’m going in the wrong direction’
  • second, let this serve as a reminder,
  • it gives us the focus of what we need to do in life
  • p saw being told by Allah that he was not alone in this situation, that this situation is not something strange
  • the believers were being told this as well, you were persecuted just like the people before you
  • when we follow the Quran, deen commands of Allah, sunnah of p saw, opposition and difficulty will be there but we need to find strength that what we are doing is pleasing to Allah
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